Study ways of reducing occupational exposure among machine operators in agriculture
The problem of reducing occupational risk in agriculture is extremely complex and at present not found a universal way to solve it. Reduction of occupational risk should be considered as a major component part of occupational safety as one of the most important functions of state authorities and business entities. Current trends in the growth of professional (production) risks in agriculture necessitated the development of an industry-wide system assessment and the introduction of modern methods of management of labour safety. One of the priority areas reducing the number of accidents at production is increased attention to the prevention of accidents and occupational diseases on the basis of existing production of dangerous and harmful factors, there are certain risks of injury and health loss. Modern scientific and methodological approaches and experiences of developed countries show that an effective model of protecting workers from negative (threat) impact the production environment should be based on occupational risk management. Implementation of quantitative methods for the assessment of occupational risks is one of the strategic directions achievements in the state acceptable level of safety, environmental and industrial objects. In the conditions of modern agricultural production is a complex probabilistic system, in which, as a rule, there is an unresolved danger that is inherent through participation in the process of a man with his emotional, physiological and psychological weakness, there is always the risk of an accident. In the traditional tasks of labour protection are investigating the actions of the employee as a potential source of danger because of his wrong actions, ignorance of safe methods of work. However, the technical security will play a critical role in solving problems of complex reduce the risk of injury to the mechanized processes of agriculture, that allows to consider this problem as a new and up to date.
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