Indicators of functional and antioxidant liver status of rats under oxidative stress conditions and on the action of the liposomal drug “Butaselmevit”
The purpose of the work was to study the parameters of the functional and antioxidant state of the liver in rats under conditions of oxidative stress and at the actions of the liposomal drug “Butaselmevit”. The research was carried out on young white laboratory male rats of the Vistar line with a body weight of 180-200 g, which were kept in the standard conditions of the institute vivarium of the State Scientific Research Control Institute of Veterinary Preparations and Feed Additives. Animals were divided into three groups of 20 animals in each: 1st group (K) intact animals; 2nd group (D1) – rats, affected with tetrachloromethane; group 3 (D2) – rats, affected with tetrachloromethane and treated with Botselmevit liposomal preparation. Toxic lesion of rats was caused by intramuscular administration of 50% tetrachloromethane at a dose of 0.25 ml per 100 g of animal body weight for the first and third day of the study. Animals of the experimental group D2 on the first and third day of the study, an hour after the introduction of tetrachloroethane, additionally administered a liposomal preparation at a dose of 2 ml per 1 kg of body weight of the animal. The composition of this preparation includes the following substances: butafosfan, selenium, methionine, thistle injection and vitamins A, E and D3. The development of oxidative stress in rats caused by intramuscular administration of tetrachloromethane was accompanied by suppression of protein synthesis of the liver, as evidenced by the low level of total protein and the decrease in the albumin-globulin factor. Low levels of albumin and high levels of globulins in the blood of diseased rats indicate an albumin-globulin disproportion. The indicators of liver function were quite high, namely: the level of creatinine increased by 46%, urea by 74% and total bilirubin by 34%. When applying the liposomal drug "Butaselmevit" to rats, under conditions of oxidative stress during research, the normalization of biochemical parameters occurs in the blood. It has been proven that modeling of the stress response in rats of the experimental group leads to a probable decrease in the level of reduced glutathione and the activity of glutathione peroxidase in the second and fifth days of the experiment. When applying the liposomal drug Butaselmevit to rats, under conditions of oxidative stress during the studies, activation of the glutathione linkage of the antioxidant system occurs in the blood, indicating an increase in the level of reduced glutathione and the activity of glutathione peroxidase in the blood of animal data. At the 14th day of the research, the level of reduced glutathione and the activity of glutathione peroxidase in blood of the experimental group D2 were the highest. The results of the research indicate the antioxidant properties of the new liposomal drug “Butaselmevit”.
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