Prospects of rational security chicken-broilers with mineral substances


  • S. M. Medvid Institute of Animal Biology of NAAS, Lviv, Ukraine
  • A. V. Hunchak Institute of Animal Biology of NAAS, Lviv, Ukraine
  • B. V. Gutyj Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine
  • I. B. Ratych Institute of Animal Biology of NAAS, Lviv, Ukraine
Keywords: poultry, trace elements, metabolism, nanoacqualates

Abstract

The article summarizes the literature data on the provision of the needs of the birds organism to vital or essential trace elements. It is indicated that taking into account the high intensity of growth of broiler chickens, it is important for them to provide not only high-grade protein nutrition but also the creation of a suitable mineral balance. The importance of the natural geochemical environment for the normal growth and development of the bird organism is determined by the possibility of using biogenic chemical elements and their mixtures, through which it is possible to achieve a certain normalization of the basic and intermediate metabolism and to replenish the diet of scarce microelements. The need for animals in the microelements are provided at the expense of their receipt with food and water. In the west region of Ukraine, Iron, Copper, Cobalt, Manganese and Zinc are limiting microelements and their content in feed does not provide the daily requirement for stimulating the growth and development of chicken-broilers in order to enrich the feedstuffs with scarce biometals, as a rule,use salts of various chemical compounds (sulfates, carbonates, chlorides, oxides). However, they are less effective in comparison with microelements in organic form. It is stated that that methionates, glicinates or lysates of microelements affect more effectively metabolic processes. As an alternative to the use of antibiotics in poultry farming. It is promising to use nanoacqualates of biogenic and biocidal metals that can not only to counter the intestinal microflora, but also to stimulate assimilation processes in the body of the bird. Feature of the action of the organic form of the complex of trace elements, madeon the basis of nanotechnology is the ability of various particles of biometals located in a solution or a suspension in the form of atoms, electrons and even smaller particles, to exhibit the same properties that are characteristic of electrons in the classical physical aspect. The positive effect of trace elements in nano-aqua form is manifested as a result of synergy a combination of nonspecific biophysical activation and specific stimulation of the flow metabolic reactions in the bird organism. The article gives a number of positive ones results on the use of nanocarticles, both individual bioelements and their complex for the purpose of intensification of digestive processes in the body of broilers, assimilation nutrient feed, which ultimately reflects on productive qualities bird.

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Published
2017-10-30
How to Cite
Medvid, S., Hunchak, A., Gutyj, B., & Ratych, I. (2017). Prospects of rational security chicken-broilers with mineral substances. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 19(79), 127–134. https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet7925

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