Analysis of the handling of the municipal solid waste on local level
Until now the process of the making progress piling up of municipal solid waste, and problem of their collection, processing and burial place of that is actual for all regions, are lasts in Ukraine. According to ofﬁcial data Ukraine produces about 48 million m3 of waste annually or near 12 million tons, which are buried on 3,6 thousand dumps and landﬁlls with a total area of more than 6,7 thousand ha. Only 3–8 percent of municipal solid waste are annually redone. We have as a result deteriorate the sanitary state of soils, the quality of water and air. The decision of problem in the field of behavior with wastes remains to one of strategically important tasks. The article presents analysis of the existent state and problems of handling is given municipal solid waste on regional and local levels, and possible ways of their decision. A problem questions is remained in relation to bringing of population to organized services in collection of municipal solid waste and by them separate collection, creation of attendant enterprises with specialization of transporting of wastes and their processing, maximal selection of useful constituents form wastes. The problem of input of the previous sorting of garbage of population is indissoluble related to the increase of level of ecological education and ecological consciousness. Recycling of wastes with the use of environmentally clean technologies is the effective method of decision of problem piling up of wastes. Modern technologies allow to process over 90% of waste. Modern methods of handling municipal solid waste on all stages from prevention of formation to the final moving away need reorganization. The system of the complex handling municipal solid waste must first of all include sorting of domestic wastes and division of them on streams for the repeated use, recycling or utilization with moving away of remaining wastes on grounds, that will provide the proper defense of health of population and ecology safety of environment.
Krupka, N.O., Lototska-Dudyk, U.B. (2015). Problema utvorennia, obrobky ta utylizatsii vidkhodiv u Lvivskii oblasti. Dovkillia ta zdorovʼia. 1, 62–67 (in Ukrainian).
Frolov, S.M., Bilopilska, O.O. (2012). Ekoloho-ekonomichni problemy derzhavnoho upravlinnia povodzhennia z tverdymy pobutovymy vidkhodamy. Visnyk SumDU. Seriia «Ekonomika». 3, 103–109 (in Ukrainian).
Radovenchyk, V.M., Homelia, M.D. (2010). Tverdi pobutovi vidkhody: zbir, pererobka skladuvannia: Navch. posibnyk. K.: Kondor (in Ukrainian).
Statystychnyi shchorichnyk Lvivskoi oblasti za 2016 rik (2017): chastyna II. Mista ta raiony Lvivskoi oblasti. Holovne upravlinnia statystyky u Lvivskii oblasti. za red. S.I. Zymovinoi. Lviv (in Ukrainian).
Svidzinska, I.T., Matsuska, O.V. (2016). Analiz problemy utylizatsii toksychnykh pobutovykh vidkhodiv u misti Lvovi. Naukovyi visnyk LNUVMB im. S.Z. Hzhytskoho. 18, 2(67), 235–241 (in Ukrainian).
Proekt Natsionalnoi stratehii povodzhennia z vidkhodamy [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rezhym dostupu: https://menr.gov.ua/content/tehnichna-redakciya-proektu-nacionalnoi-strategii-povodzhennya-z-vidhodami-dlya-podalshogo-gromadskogo-obgovorennya.html (in Ukrainian).
Abstract views: 30 PDF Downloads: 19