Dynamics of blood morphological parameters of pregnant and lactating sows for the performance of iodine citrate


  • R. Hunchak Institute of Agriculture of Carpathian Region of Ukraine NAAS, Obroshino, Ukraine
Keywords: iodine citrate, potassium iodide, sows pregnant and lactating, hematological parameters

Abstract

The article presents the results of research on the influence of iodine citrate on the morphological parameters of sow blood. It was established that the number of erythrocytes and leuсocytes, hemoglobin content, hematocrit value depend on the period of pregnancy of sows, their physiological state and the level of iodine entering the body with the diet of the feed. It was first discovered that iodine citrate, being its organic form, exhibits its stimulating effect on hemopoiesis processes at significantly lower doses than scientifically substantiated amounts recommended for the introduction into premixes of premixes of pregnant and lactating sows in the form of potassium iodide. The best effect on maintaining the hematopoietic function of the body is achieved by introducing into the diet of pregnant sows iodine citrate at doses of 0.1–0.2 mgJ/kg feed and 0.125–0.25 mgJ/kg feed for lactation, which is 25 and 50% of the recommended dose of potassium iodide. Under such conditions, in the blood of animals, the number of erythrocytes, leuсocytes, hemoglobin and hematocrit values were within the limits of physiological quantities. The lowest studied dose of iodine citrate (10% of the dose of KІ) was found to be critically small to ensure the functional status of the thyroid gland and its regulatory effect on the hemopoiesis of the sows. The introduction of rations, iodine citrate in a dose equivalent to a potassium iodide dose (1:1) did not cause significant deviations in the picture of blood; however, there is a tendency towards a decrease in the number of erythrocytes and hematocrit, and the increase in the number of leukocytes in animals of this group gives reason to suppose that such the dose of citrate is ungrounded.

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Published
2017-10-30
How to Cite
Hunchak, R. (2017). Dynamics of blood morphological parameters of pregnant and lactating sows for the performance of iodine citrate. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 19(79), 173–177. Retrieved from https://nvlvet.com.ua/index.php/agriculture/article/view/2803