Agricultural specialization and dynamics of agrarian production in Lviv region
In the paper on the basis of statistical data for the last 12–17 years there is studied the structure and features of specialization of agricultural production in the context of administrative regions of Lviv region. The share of agricultural land and the ratio between its different categories were consistent. There is revealed the formation of districts with a clear specialization of activity of agricultural enterprises, whose share of production is growing, in comparison with the share of the people households. In general, it is typical for the region that growing share of crop production volumes which exceed twice the price in terms of livestock production, and the difference is growing. The main crops in the region are cereals, potatoes and forage crops. The production of cereals and forage crops is quite diversified; potato production is concentrated in Kamenka-Busk area, fruits and berries – in the Gorodok district. Significantly reduced volumes of beef production capacity, increased production of poultry meat and pork. The latter's production is concentrated in the Stryj district. About half of regional production of beef and veal on the part of agricultural enterprises belongs to Zhydachiv district. Brody and Sokal districts are characterized by milk specialization. There is a steady increase in the volume of production crop mainly due to higher yields, especially corn and potato yields, which significantly increased. Fruit yields are characterized by significant variability.
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