Behaviourof cows and calves at different ways maintenance
The paper studied the behavior of cows and calves Ukrainian red–spotted milk breed in terms attachable loose and maintenance. Established that cows without a leash in the pits had a positive impact on the calving and overall health. Stage removing the fetus in experimental cows compared with control counterparts were relatively short and averaged 33.1 min., and droppings from cows separated at 33.4 min. more. Cows in the control group compared with research peers after calving on holiday standing and lying down spending more time accordingly – 25.4 min. and 12.1 min. When cage dependent calves (control group) in the first day on vacation was spent lying 1293.2 min., Or 89.9% of the time of day, at 3, 6 and 9 days respectively 1259.4; 1221.0 and 1178.9 min. Or 87.5; 84.8 and 81.9% of the time of day. Their peers from the experimental group were spending less time on vacation lying: the first day of 10.8%, the third – at 14.3, 25.8 and sixth on the ninth day – at 38.0%. Calves research group may milk cow 10 – 12 times a day and spend this 5–10 times longer compared to a control group calves which water colostrum and milk of nipples drinkers three times a day. The presence of the mother and the possibility of arbitrary sucking stimulated locomotor activity calves research groups and partially reduced their leisure time lying down. In the course of time and motion observations of animal behavior found that cows without a leash in the pits had a positive impact on the calving and overall health. Stage removing the fetus in experimental cows compared with control counterparts were relatively short and averaged 33.1 min., which is 9.8 minutes. faster, and droppings from cows separated at 33.4 min. more. Cows in the control group compared with research peers after calving on holiday standing and lying down spending more time accordingly – 25.4 min. and 12.1 min. By way of keeping calves tethered spent on average 86.03% of the time of day to rest lying on a sucking niples drinkers – 0.7%, standing – 11.07% and 2.23% of the time of day drinking water whereas for loose–boxed way of keeping calves during the day to rest lying spent 63.80% of the time of day, sucking on – 5.53%, to walking – 12.98%, the rest standing – 16.58% and consumption of water – 1.50% of the time of day. Prospects for further research. In the future, will be studied the growth and development of experimental animals, behavioral responses in cows tethered Loose and maintenance of various front feed and rest in the barn.
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