Influence of zeolites on lead and cadmium content in separate links of trophic chain in hydroecosystems

  • N. I. Hradovych Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S.Z. Gzhytskyi
  • R. P. Paranyak Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S.Z. Gzhytskyi
  • Yu. M. Zabytivskyi Lviv research station of Institute of fisheries NAAS
Keywords: heavy metals, Cadmium, Lead, zeolite, adsorption, sorbent, silver carp, phytoplankton, hydroecosystems


Information about the influence of zeolite used as adsorbent to reduce the concentration of Lead and Cadmium in separate links of trophic chain of hydroecosystem namelyn in water, phytoplankton and muscular tissue of Silver carp is given in the article. As a sorbent we used zeolite of Sokirnitsa deposit (village Sokirnitsa, Khust district Transcarpathian region) of fraction 1.0 4.0 mm. Investigations were made at the Lviv research station of Institute of fisheries NAAS (Lviv oblast, Horodok region, Velykyi Lyubin). The sorption properties of natural Transcarpathian clinoptilolite towards Lead and Cadmium at dynamic conditions have been studied. The paper represents research results aimed at estimating effectiveness of removing of Lead and Cadmium ions from hydroecosystems using natural mineral–zeolite. The dynamics of heavy metals content at phytoplankton and muscular tissue of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Valenciennes, 1844) was studied. Measurements were perfomed in pond 24 (12) area 0.14 hectares which is fed by waters of the river Vereshchytsia. The pond depth is 1 1.5 meters.  Results of investigations worked out statistically combining the groups. Considerable lowering of ions content of both metals in water was determined. The lowering of cadmium content in muscular tissue of Silver carp was much noticeable than the content of Lead. Results of such investigations are rather actual and perspective and will help to reduce the content of some toxicants in water medium. Improvement of water ecosystems after use of natural sorbents will guarantee ecologically safe products of fish culture and will increase the efficiency of the branch.


Paranyak, R.P., Vasyl'tseva, L.P., Makukh, Kh.I. (2007). Shlyakhy nadkhodzhennya vazhkykh metaliv v dovkillya ta yikh vplyv na zhyvi orhanizmy. Biolohiya tvaryn. 9(1–2), 83–89 (in Ukrainian).

Mel'nychuk, D., Trakhtenberh, I.M.(2002). Toksykolo-hichnyy vplyv soley svyntsyu ta kadmiyu na bio-khimichni pokaznyky u laboratornykh tvaryn. Nau-kovyy visnyk NAU. 55, 117–120 (in Ukrainian).

Petrus, R., Mal'ovanyy, M., Sakalova, H., Bun'ko, V. (2012). Zastosuvannya pryrodnykh sorbentiv u pryrodookhoronnykh tsilyakh. Naukovyy visnyk Na¬tsional'noho universytetu bioresursiv i pryrodokorystuvannya Ukrayiny. Ser.: Lisivnytstvo ta dekoratyvne sadivnytstvo. 171 (1), 139–144 (in Ukrainian).

Wang, S., Peng, Y. (2010). Natural zeolites as effective adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment. Chem. Eng. J. 156, 11.

Aman, A., Saraswathi, M., Viswanath, B. (2015). The trends in removal of heavy metal conaminantes from the waste water by using biomaterials. International Journal of Development Research, 5(06), 4660–4669.

Brown, P.A., Gill, S.A., Allen, S.J. (2000). Metal re-moval from wastewater using peat. Water research. 34(16), 3907–3916.

Pandey, P., Sambi, S.S., Sharma, S.K., Singh, S. (2009). Batch adsorption studies for the removal of Cu (II) ions by zeolite NaX from aqueous stream. In Proceedings of the world congress on Engineering and computer science, 1.

Chuyka, A.A. (2001). Khymyya poverkhnosty kremnezema. K.: Ukr YNTЕY (in Russian).

Vasylechko, V., Gryshouk, G., Kuz’ma, Yu. (2003). Adsorption of Cadmium on acid–modified Transcarpatian clinoptilolite. Micropor. Мesopor. Mater. 60, 183–196.

Korkuna, O., Vrublevska, T. (2004). Static conditions of palladium (II) sorption by transcarpathian clinoptilolite. Book of abstracts VIII Polish–Ukrainian symposium theoretical and experimental studies of interfacial phenomena and their technological application: SCSRIO. Odessa, 138–142.

Mel'nyk, A.P., Stetsyuk, Z.O., Khyzhnyak, M.I. (2009). Rezul'taty doslidu z ochyshchennya vody vyroshchuval'nykh staviv za dopomohoyu tseolitu. Rybohospodars'ka nauka Ukrayiny. 4, 28–32.

Kadirvelu, K., Thamaraiselvi, K., Namasivayam, C. (2001). Removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewaters by adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from an agricultural solid waste. Bioresource technology, 76(1), 63–65.

James, R., Slade, C.T., Ward, N.I. (2000). Effect of zeolite on reduction of cadmium level in water and improvement of haematological parameters in Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters). Indian Journal of Fisheries. 47(1), 29–35.

Pitcher, S.K. (2004). Heavy metal removal from motor-way stormwater using zeolites. Science of the Total Environment, 334, 161–166.

Abstract views: 50
PDF Downloads: 26
How to Cite
Hradovych, N., Paranyak, R., & Zabytivskyi, Y. (2016). Influence of zeolites on lead and cadmium content in separate links of trophic chain in hydroecosystems. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 18(2), 61–65.