Metabolic effects of iodine in poultry for its deficiency or excess in the diet


  • A. V. Hunchak Institute of animal biology NAAS
  • I. B. Ratych Institute of animal biology NAAS
  • B. V. Gutyj Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S.Z. Gzhytskyi
  • H. A. Paskevych Institute of animal biology NAAS
Keywords: poultry, Iodine deficiency, Iodine excess, metabolism, thyroid gland, thyroid hormones, performance, quality of the eggs.

Abstract

The article is a generalization of the literature on the impact fn the iodine om  a birds, depending on the amount in the diet. In particular, we show that lack of iodine in the body of animals with food and water leads to metabolic disorders, the development of organs and body systems, weakening the function of the reproductive organs and the body's resistance to infection, resulting disruption of the thyroid gland. Iodine deficiency is characterized by the development of secondary immunodeficiency, which manifests a high propensity to disease. This weak immune response correlated with impaired thyroid function. The absorption of bioelements may affect the availability of natural feed goitrogenes. However, it is shown that an excess of cobalt, iron, boron, manganese poultry diets may correlate with the biosynthesis of thyroid and promote the development of endemic goiter. Noted features integrated application of iodine with other trace elements, as well as the need for admission with food vitamin A. From the standpoint of modern scientific research proved that the metabolism of iodine and selenium are closely related and can affect each other manifestations of deficiency of essential bioelements. Shown that excess of iodine in laying hens, reduced their egg production and average egg weight in breeding poultry hatching degrade the quality of the eggs. Permanent, but reduced vitellogenesis that continues for a period of excess consumption of iodine and inhibiting ovulation is associated with the formation of progesterone violation largest follicle, resulting in blocked signal for preovulatory allocation of luteinizing hormone, which leads to the cessation of egg. Excess iodine in the diet inhibits puberty young male and female  birds. Thus, there is a reverse chronological relationship between feeding forages with high iodine content and the expected time of puberty. According to a toxic level of iodine in the diet, the liver bird aminotransferase increased activity and blood – alkaline phosphatase, decreased phagocytic activity of neutrophils. Thus, the deficit and surplus iodine leads to metabolic disorders, reproductive functions of animals and birds and lost productivity.

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Published
2016-10-28
How to Cite
Hunchak, A., Ratych, I., Gutyj, B., & Paskevych, H. (2016). Metabolic effects of iodine in poultry for its deficiency or excess in the diet. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 18(2), 70–76. https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet6716