Features of body weight growth in meat breeds heifers


  • R. S. Oseredchuk Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S.Z. Gzhytskyi
  • N. P. Babik Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics nd. a. M.V.Zubets of NAAS
  • V. V. Fedorovych Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S.Z. Gzhytskyi
  • E. I. Fedorovych Institute of animal biology NAAS
  • V. R. Dutka Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S.Z. Gzhytskyi
Keywords: Breed heifers, body weight, total and average daily gains, increase of body weight, relative rate of body weight growth, coefficient of variability

Abstract

The data on the dynamics of body weight changes, absolute and average daily gains, frequency rate of increase in body weight, relative growth rate and intensity of body weight growth of Limousine and Volyn Meat breeds heifers. Both studied breeds characterized by different body weight at different age periods. Newborn Limousine breed heifers are weighed 2,7 kg more (P < 0.05) than Volyn Meat breed heifers; at 3 months age the difference was 8.5 kg (P < 0.05) at 6 months14.6 kg, at 9 month20.8 kg (P < 0.05), at 12 months25,6 kg (P < 0.05), at 15–months – 31.9 (P<0,05), and at 18 months – 23.5 kg. Total and average daily gains in animals of both breeds were the highest for a period of 3 to 6 months of age. In the period from birth to 15 months of age preference for average daily gains were in Limousine, however, the difference was statistically significant only for the period of 0 – 3 months and amounted to 63,9 g (P < 0,05). From 15 to 18 months of age Limousine slightly conceded to Volyn Meat breeds on this parameter. In animals of both breeds magnification of body weight increased with age, but over the entire period (from birth to 18 months) this parameter in Volyn Meat heifers was 0.6 times better than Limousine heifers. The coefficients of relative intensity and tension increase of body weight in animals of both breeds were highest in the period from birth to 3 months of age. With age, these indicators declined. Mainly, the advantage was in Volyn meat breed heifers, but the difference was not statistically significant.

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Abstract views: 30
PDF Downloads: 63
Published
2016-10-28
How to Cite
Oseredchuk, R., Babik, N., Fedorovych, V., Fedorovych, E., & Dutka, V. (2016). Features of body weight growth in meat breeds heifers. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 18(2), 149–153. https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet6734

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