• V. P. Oleshko Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University, Bila Tserkva
  • A. I. Babenko Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University, Bila Tserkva
Keywords: Ukrainian Black–pied dairy cattle, milk productivity, cytogenetic monitoring, karyotype, chromosomes, mutative cells, correlation


With the help of cytogenetic analysis in breeding herds of cattle found that most of the cows tested karyotype as normal, but in the third part of the cows found in the mutant cells and aberrant chromosome karyotype.

It was also found that in the investigated cows of herds from the Shchors pedigree plant the total percentage of mutative cells is 17,0 % and in cows of herds from «Agrosvit» this data is twice higher – 35,8 % (Р < 0,001). Low correlation was found between the number of cell mutation and performance (r = 0,108–0,299, P > 0,05).

Cytogenetic indicators characterize chromosomal status of animals and is a marker of the intensity of metabolism in animals that cause an increase in milk yield of cows. Evaluation kariotypovoyi variability of breeding stock will help in the short term to detect and remove carriers a high level of chromosomal disorders.


Author Biographies

V. P. Oleshko, Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University, Bila Tserkva
candidate of agricultural sciences, assistant
A. I. Babenko, Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University, Bila Tserkva
candidate of agricultural sciences, assistant


Dzicyuk, V. V. (2009). Vy`kory`stannya cy`togenety`chny`x metodiv u selekciyi plidny`kiv. K. : Agrarna nauka, 60. (in Ukrainian).

Dzicyuk, V. V. (2010). Xromosomny`j polimorfizm vely`koyi rogatoyi xudoby` (Bos Taurus L). Biologiya tvary`n. – T. 12. – № 5. – S. 5–10. (in Ukrainian).

Rudy`k, I. A. (2010). Zalezhnist` selekcijny`x oznak u molochnoyi xudoby` vid karioty`povoyi minly`vosti ta polimorfizmu geniv (QTL)» / I. A. Rudy`k, S. O. Kostenko, K. V. Kopy`lov ta in. // Biologiya tvary`n. Nauk. zhurnal. – L`viv, T.12. – № 2. – S. 184–191. (in Ukrainian).

Starodub, L. F. (2010). Zv'yazok cy`togenety`chnoyi minly`vosti z selekcijny`my` molochnoyi xudoby`» / L. F. Starodub, S. O. Kostenko, I. A. Rudy`k ta in. // Visny`k Sums`kogo NAU. 7(17), 135–139. (in Ukrainian).

Kostenko, S. O. (2010). Cy`togenety`chni parametry` v selekciyi tvary`n. Texnologiya vy`robny`cztva i pererobky` produkciyi tvary`nny`cztva: Zb. nauk. pracz` / BDAU – Bila Cerkva, 3 (72), 218–221. (in Ukrainian).

Rudy`k, I. A. (2010). Molekulyarno–genety`chny`j ta cy`togenety`chny`j analiz populyaciyi ukrayins`koyi chorno–ryaboyi molochnoyi porody`» / I. A. Rudy`k, K. V. Kopy`lov, D. M. Basovs`ky`j ta in. // Texnologiya vy`robny`cztva i pererobky` produkciyi tvary`nny`cztva. Zb. nauk. pracz`. – B. Cerkva, 3(72), 108–111. (in Ukrainian).

Shel`ov, A. V. Dzicyuk, V. (2005). Metody`ka pry`gotuvannya metafazny`x xromosom limfocy`tiv pery`ferijnoyi krovi tvary`n. – K. : Agrarna nauka, 240. – (Metody`ky` naukovy`x doslidzhen` iz selekciyi, genety`ky` ta biotexnologiyi). (in Ukrainian).

De Сampenire, S. (2001). Compositional data on Belgain Blue double–muscled bulls / [S. De Сampenire, L. Odiel Fiems, M. De Paepe et al.] // Anim.Res. – V. 50. – № 1. – P. 43–55.

Geringer, H. (1994). Congenital abnormalities in cattle in lover Silesia. Rocz.nauk.zootechn. – V.21. – № 1–2. – P. 19–24.

Gustavsson, I. (1966). Chromosome abnormality in cattle. Nature. – V. 211. – № 50. – P. 865–866.

Mestriner, C. A. (2000). Structural and functional evidence that a B chromosome in the characid fish Astyanax scabripinnis is an isochromosome / [Mestriner C. A., Galetti P. M., Valentini S. R. et al.] // Heredity. – 85, № 1. – Р. 1–9.

Abstract views: 0
PDF Downloads: 0
How to Cite
Oleshko, V. P., & Babenko, A. I. (2016). CYTOGENETIC DESCRIPTION DAIRY COWS. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 18(1), 81-84. Retrieved from