BIOMONITORING ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF NATURAL RESERVOIRS
The review article analyzes an importance of water bodies monitoring to develop the appropriate measures for improving their environmental condition. It is shown that the use of chemical approaches alone to determine the quality of water as a living environment for aquatic organisms is insufficient for environmental assessment of the components of hydrosphere. It is due to the difficulties of identifying all the diversity of available anthropogenic pollutants of water environment, of assessing their interaction, migration and transformation in water and water body inhabitants. However, biological analysis methods more reflect the relationship between bioavailability of xenobiotics and other contaminants, their content in the cells of aquatic organisms and toxic effect on hydrobionts. These reasons provide the advantages of biomonitoring methods such as bioindication and biological testing, over the methods of chemical analysis of water bodies and watercourses. Application of these methods will greatly help to identify environmental risks, selecting the most promising measures for the successful implementation of water bodies management.
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