ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF LIVESTOCK


  • N. A. Kovalchuk Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S. Z. Gzhytskyj
Keywords: ecology, animal husbandry, environment, agriculture, wastewater, anthropogenic pollution, manure, natural resources, greening, surface water and groundwater

Abstract

The article deals with issues relating to ecological issues in animal husbandry based on an analysis of published data on the main pollutants of the environment.

In particular, it provides information on the impact of agricultural production on the ecological state of the environment and ways of greening production.

It was found that the main problems of ecological protection in the areas of livestock farms is a manure runoff pollution of surface and groundwater.

The main event and a means of reducing the negative anthropogenic impact on the natural environment in order to improve the environmental well–being in the implementation of activities in the field of animal husbandry.

Livestock provides the population with products of high nutritional value and performs a variety of other economic and social functions, but it has a great negative impact on natural resources. It also plays a pivotal role in climate change, land and water resources and biodiversity loss.

The easiest way to reduce the negative impact on the environment and produce organic products is the modernization and upgrade of technological equipment, changes in the organization of economic activity, to meet modern environmental standards.

 

Author Biography

N. A. Kovalchuk, Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies named after S. Z. Gzhytskyj
candidate of vet. s., assistant

References

Bolotskiy, I. L. (2008). Analiz metodov obezzarazhivaniya zhivotnovodcheskih stokov i pometav s ferm / [I. L. Bolotskiy, V. I. Sementsov, S. V. Prutsakov, A. K. Vasilev i dr.]. Veterinariya Kubani, 3, 22–24. (in Ukrainian).

Gannachenko, S. L. (2012). Innovatsiyni resursozberIgayuchi tehnologiyi v zemlerobstvi / Ekonomika APK. 1, 99–103. (in Ukrainian).

Kos’yanchuk, N. I., Tyutyun, A. I., Yanenko, U. M. (2014). Rozvitok ekologichno bezpechnogo vedennya tvarunnitstva v Ukrayini / Veterinarna biotehnologiya. 24, 75–78. (in Ukrainian).

Lavrov, V. V., Grabovska, T. O. (2014). Organichne zemlerobstvo: vimogi, agroekologichni osnovi, perevagi ta problemi. mat. Mizhn. nauk.–prakt. konf. «Strategichni napryami rozvitku tvarunnitstva v Ukrayini u konteksti natsionalnoyi prodovolchoyi bezpeki, Bila Tserkva, 141. (in Ukrainian).

Mamenko, O. M. (2007). Ekologichni aspekti virobnitstva produktiv tvarunnitstva / Visnik agrarnoyi nauki. 4, 31–35. (in Ukrainian).

Martsinkevich, V., Kolomiets, N. (2014). Rozvitok tvarunnitstva v Ukrayini. Problemi ta rekomendatsiyi. – Natsionalniy ekologIchniy tsentr Ukrayini. – K.:, 36. (in Ukrainian).

Martsinkevich, V., Kolomiets, N. (2015). Povodzhennya z vidhodami tvarunnitstva : perevagi tehnologiyi anaerobnogo zarodzhennya. – Natsionalniy ekologichniy tsentr Ukrayini. – K.:, 7–9. (in Ukrainian).

Palenichak, O. V. (2012). Ratsionalne zemlekoristuvannya v umovahz balansovanogo rozvitku agropromislovogo virobnitstva. Ekonomika APK. 2, 27–33. (in Ukrainian).

Zubets, M. V. (2008). Prioritetni zavdannya agrarnoyi nauki Ukrayini / [Zubets M. V., Sitnik V. P., Bezugliy M. D., Golovko A. M. tain.] – K.: Ukrayinska akademiya agrarnih nauk, 26. (in Ukrainian).

Golovka, V. O. (2009). Silskogospodarska ekologiya : Navch. posib. dlya VNZ / Zazag. red. V. O. Golovka, A. Z. Zlotina, V. L. Meshkovoyi. – H.: Espada, 624. (in Ukrainian).

Abstract views: 0
PDF Downloads: 0
Published
2016-03-06
How to Cite
Kovalchuk, N. A. (2016). ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF LIVESTOCK. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 18(1), 199-203. Retrieved from https://nvlvet.com.ua/index.php/agriculture/article/view/3528