INFLUENCE OF IODINE NANOAKVAHIDRATE ON BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF MILK AND MILK PRODUCTIVITY OF COWS IN THE FIRST MONTH OF LACTATION


  • M. Khomyn Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, Lviv
  • R. Fedoruk Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, Lviv
  • M. Khrabko Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, Lviv
  • S. Kropyvka Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, Lviv
Keywords: cows, milk, vitamins, minerals, fat, protein, lactose, average yield

Abstract

For mineral balancing cows rations microelements are used, including Iodine, which influence on physiological and biochemical processes in animals organisms and consequently on their productivity and quality production. As is well-known, the assimilation of trace elements depends on their quantity and their balance in chemical compounds. Therefore, for cows feeding we applied organic iodine compounds produced by nanotechnology.

The experiment was conducted on 15 cows Ukrainian black and white dairy cattle, analog by age, performance, weight and lactation period. In run-in period cows were divided into 3 groups. In contrast to the control cows, animals and researches groups fed by mineral supplement in the form of Iodine nanoakvahidrate respectively: II group with 0,6 mg and III group ─ 0,06 mg I/kg dry feed.

For laboratory test sonce In run-in period and in 30 th and 60 th day using of mineral supplements were controlled cow’s milk production with the definition of daily milk yield and its chemical composition. In samples of milk were determined: the content of vitamins A and E, Ca, Cr, Cd, Cu, Zn, Mn, inorganic Phosphorus, fat, lactose, protein, MSNF and density.

It is established that the inclusion into the diet of cows the second research group Iodine nanoakvahidrate in an amount of 0.6 mg/kg dry feed, during one month are caused a slight decrease in milk protein content, lactose, MSNF and density. Under these conditions, the average daily milk yield of cows is increased by 5,4 %.

Using Iodine nanoakvahidrate in an amount of 0,06 mg/kg dry fee during the month in cows diet, were contributed increasing of the content of vitamin A and E by 7,2 and 17,2 % respectively and inorganic phosphorus by 9,5 % in cow milk III experimental group. At the same time milk production was increased by 8,8 %. In the second month of feeding supplements Iodine were increased vitamin A in milk cows II and III research groups by 12,6 and 15,8, inorganic phosphorus -by 15,9 and 23,9 %, fat by 0,05 and 0,19 % (absolute) respectively and milk yield were increased by 4,4 %, only in group III of cows.

 

Author Biographies

M. Khomyn, Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, Lviv
PhD, Chief Scientific Officer
R. Fedoruk, Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, Lviv
Doctor of veterinary science, corresponding member of NAAS
M. Khrabko, Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, Lviv
PhD, Junior Research Scientist
S. Kropyvka, Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, Lviv
PhD, Chief Scientific Officer

References

Pogorjelov, M. V. (2010). Makro- ta mikroelementy (obmin, patologija ta metody vyznachennja): monografija / M. V. Pogorjelov, V. I. Bumejster, G. F. Tkach ta in. ― Sumy: Vyd-vo SumDU, 147. (in Ukrainian).

Zaharenko, M. (2004). Rol' mikroelementiv u zhyttjedijal'nosti tvaryn / M. Zaharenko, L. Shevchenko, V. Myhal's'ka // Veterynarna medycyna Ukrai'ny. 2, 15. (in Ukrainian).

Kravciv, R. J. (2000). Biohimija moloka. Praktykum /, O. J. Cisaryk, R. P. Paranjak, G. V. Dronyk, Ja. Ju. Ostrovs'kyj. — L'viv: TeRus, 150. (in Ukrainian).

Antonjak, G. L., Vlizlo, V. V. (2013). Biohimichna ta geohimichna rol' jodu: monografija. — L'viv : LNU im. Ivana Franka, 392. — (Serija «Biologichni studii'»). (in Ukrainian).

Skal'nyj, A. V., Rudakov, I. A. (2004). Biojelementy v medicine. — M.: Mir, 272. (in Russian).

Serdjuk, A. M. (2010). Nanotehnologii' mikronutrijentiv: problemy, perspektyvy ta shljahy likvidacii' deficytu makro- ta mikroelementiv / A. M. Serdjuk, M. P. Gulich, V. G. Kaplunenko, M. V. Kosinov // Visnyk akademii' medychnyh nauk, 1, 47–53. (in Ukrainian).

Nesli, S., Jozef, L. (2009). Kokini Nanotechnology and its applications in the food sector. Trends in Biotechnology. 27. 2, 82–89.

Vernikov, V. M. (2009). Nanotehnologii v pishhevyh produktah: perspektivy i problemy /V. M. Vernikov, E. A. Arianova, I. V. Gmoshinskij, S. A. Hotimchenko, V. A. Tutel'jan // Voprosy pitanija, 78. 2, 4–17. (in Russian).

Borysevych, V. B. (2010). Nanomaterialy v biologii'. Osnovy nanoveterynarii'. Posib. dlja stud. agrar. zakl. osvity III-IV rivniv akredytacii' za spec. “Vet. medycyna” ta veterynarno-metodychnyh specialistiv / V. B. Borysevych, V. G. Kaplunenko, M. V. Kosinov ta in. K.: VD “Avicena”, 416. (in Ukrainian).

Homyn, M. M., Fedoruk, R. S. (2013). Antyoksydantnyj profil' organizmu i biologichna cinnist' moloka koriv u pershi misjaci laktacii' za zgodovuvannja cytratu hromu ta selenu // Biologija tvaryn. (in Ukrainian).

Patent Ukrai'ny na korysnu model' № 23550. Sposib erozijno-vybuhovogo dysperguvannja metaliv // Kosinov M. V., Kaplunenko V. G. /MPK (2006) V 22 F 9/14/ opubl. 25.05.07, № 7. (in Ukrainian).

Bogdanov, G. O. (2012). Normy i raciony povnocinnoi' godivli vysokoproduktyvnoi' velykoi' rogatoi' hudoby: dovidnyk-posibnyk / za nauk. red. G. O. Bogdanova, V. M. Kandyby. ― K: Agrar. Nauka, 296. (in Ukrainian).

Vlizlo, V. V. (2012). Laboratorni metody doslidzhen' u biologii', tvarynnyctvi ta veterynarnij medycyni [Tekst]: dovidnyk / V. V. Vlizlo, R. S. Fedoruk, I. B. Ratych ta in.; za red. V. V. Vlizla. — L'viv : SPOLOM, 764. (in Ukrainian).

Abstract views: 12
PDF Downloads: 10
Published
2015-04-06
How to Cite
Khomyn, M., Fedoruk, R., Khrabko, M., & Kropyvka, S. (2015). INFLUENCE OF IODINE NANOAKVAHIDRATE ON BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF MILK AND MILK PRODUCTIVITY OF COWS IN THE FIRST MONTH OF LACTATION. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 17(1), 243-249. Retrieved from https://nvlvet.com.ua/index.php/agriculture/article/view/3584