Influence of feeding types of cows on the content of heavy metals in milk
Around the industrial cities, the difficult environmental situation is due to the release of pollutants in the atmosphere that contain heavy metals, especially those that are dangerous to the environment, such as cadmium and lead. The increase in the accumulation of pollutant in soils of agricultural land also leads to the use of agrochemicals – pesticides and mineral fertilizers. Under such environmental conditions, it is necessary not only to grow crop production, but also to produce livestock products – milk. The production of environmentally safe, high-quality and competitive on the milk market requires the use of proven technological feeding and animal feeding methods. The selection of the optimal type of feeding of cows reduces the transition of heavy metals into dairy raw materials. In the experiment, it was found that the siln-root-type type of feeding had the smallest transition of Cd and Pb from feed rations into dairy raw materials, the transition factor of cadmium – 0.24, lead – 0.25. The most intense was the migration of Pb from the ration to milk from cows of the first control group with the silo-hinga-co-central type of feeding: the transition factor was 0.39 and Cd was 0.34. A similar situation was observed in cows of the first control groups with males and females feeding type, where the transition factor was 0.36 Cd and 0.34 Pb. The total supply of heavy metals with the diet for different types of feeding practically did not differ. The balancing of dietary rations with the specially developed mineral-vitamin premix “MP-A” contributed to the reduction of the transition of heavy metals Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn into milk, while the highest quality milk was obtained from cows with a haylage type of feeding. As a result of the experiment, it was possible to achieve a positive effect and reduce the content of heavy metals in milk of cows in all farms with different types of feeding animals for optimum quality and safety of milk, which met the requirements of the state standard, which convinces the transition factor, which was in the cows of the second experimental group on Cd 0,09 in animals with a sows-root-type type of feeding; 0.10 – silo-haylage; 0.12 – silage-hay type and 0.15 with silo-haylage-concentrate type, respectively; Pb – 0.01 in cows with a hill-and-hay type of feeding; 0.07 – silo-haylage-concentrate; 0.08 – silo-root crop and 0.09 with silo-hay type respectively; Cu – 0.01 in cows with silo-haylage and silo-root-crop type of feeding; 0.02 with silo-haylage-concentrate and silo-hay type respectively; Zn – 0.05 in animals with males and haylings type of feeding; 0.06 – silo-haylage-concentrate; 0.08 – silo-root crop and 0.010 with silo-hay type, respectively. In the third experimental group of cows, the average transition factor of heavy metals from milk to Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn was 0.04. The use of premix and bio-preparation has reduced the transition of heavy metals from milk to an average of 1.5–4.3 times. Productivity of animals was on average in cows of the second and third experimental groups of 17–22 kg per day compared with the control group – 14 kg. The content of Cd in the milk of dairy cows with a hay-concentrate-feeding type was 0.053 mg/kg in the first control group, in the second experimental group, where the mineral-vitamin premix “MP-A” was additionally fed to 0.024, and in the third, where Subcutaneous injection of biologically active drug “BP-9” was used up to 0.014 mg/kg; Pb from 1.794 mg/kg – to 0.331 and 0.032 mg/kg respectively; Cu from 2.63 mg/kg to 0.34 and 0.35 mg/kg respectively; Zn from 8.74 mg/kg to 4.97 and 3.87 mg/kg, respectively. Feeding cows to antioxidant premix allows approximately 2–2.5 times to reduce the transition from diet to dairy raw materials that are hazardous to animal health and the quality of milk toxicants for any type of feeding. Future studies are aimed at studying the effects of different types of feeding, taking into account the balancing of diets with a special premix for the production of high-quality, environmentally safe milk.
Bigalke, M., Ulrich, A., Rehmus, A., & Keller, A. (2017). Accumulation of cadmium and uranium in arable soils in Switzerland. Environmental Pollution, 221, 85–93. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.11.035.
Bomko, V., Kropyvka, Yu., Bomko, L., Chernyuk, S., Kropyvka, S., & Gutyj, B. (2018). Effect of mixed ligand complexes of Zinc, Manganese, and Cobalt on the Manganese balance in high-yielding cows during first 100-days lactation. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8(1), 420–425. doi: 10.15421/2018_230 (in Ukrainian).
Bucjak, V. (2002). Transformacіja vazhkyh metalіv іz kormu u moloko na tlі dіi ceolіtu. Vіsnyk Sums'kogo nacіonal'nogo agrarnogo unіversytetu, 6, 585–588 (in Ukrainian).
Bucjak, V., Kravcіv, R., & Bucjak, G. (2005). Ekologіchnyi monіtoring vedennja tvarynnyctva u bіohіmіchnyh provіncіjah. L'vіv: Papіrus (in Ukraini-an).
Canty, M., Scanlon, A., Collins, D., McGrath, G., Clegg, T., Lane, E., Sheridan, M., & More, S. (2014). Cad-mium and other heavy metal concentrations in bovine kidneys in the Republic of Ireland. Science of The Total Environment, 485–486, 223–231. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.03.065.
Embaby, A., & Afifi, O. (2016). Histological Study on the Protective Role of Ascorbic Acid on Cadmium Induced Cerebral Cortical Neurotoxicity in Adult Male Albino Rats. Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure, 4(1), 36. doi: 10.1016/j.jmau.2015.10.001.
Fischer, W., Schilter, B., Tritscher, A., & Stadler, R. (2011). Contaminants of Milk and Dairy Products | Environmental Contaminants, Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences (Second Edition), 898–905. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-374407-4.00105-9.
Goff, J.P. (2018). Invited review: Mineral absorption mechanisms, mineral interactions that affect acid–base and antioxidant status, and diet considerations to improve mineral status. Journal of Dairy Science, 101(4), 2763–2813. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13112.
Gordіjenko, O., Kostik, Ja., & Surovceva, O. (2006). Ocіnka ekologіchnogo stanu gruntіv za vmіstom va-zhkyh metalіv. І-j Vseukrain. zʼjizd ekologіv: mіzhnar. nauk.-tehn. konf.: tezy dop., 247 (in Ukraini-an).
Gutyj, B., Mursjka, S., Hufrij, D., Hariv, I., Levkivska, N., Nazaruk, N., Haydyuk, M., Priyma, O., Bilyk, O., & Guta, Z. (2016). Influence of cadmium loading on the state of the antioxidant system in the organism of bulls. Biosystems Diversity, 24(1), 96–102. doi: 10.15421/011611 (in Ukrainian).
Gutyj, B., Stybel, V., Darmohray, L., Lavryshyn, Y., Turko, I., Hachak, Y., Shcherbatyy, A., Bushueva, I., Parchenko, V., Kaplaushenko, A., Krushelnytska, O. (2017). Prooxidant-antioxidant balance in the organ-ism of bulls (young cattle) after using cadmium load. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 7(4), 589–596. doi: 10.15421/2017_165.
Gutyj, B.V., Gufriy, D.F., Binkevych, V.Y., Vasiv, R.O., Demus, N.V., Leskiv, K.Y., Binkevych, O.M., & Pavliv, O.V. (2018). Influence of cadmium loading on glutathione system of antioxidant protection of the bullocks’bodies. Scientific Messenger of Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnol-ogies, 20(92), 34–40. doi: 10.32718/nvlvet9207.
Hashemi, S. (2018). Heavy metal concentrations in bo-vine tissues (muscle, liver and kidney) and their rela-tionship with heavy metal contents in consumed feed. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 154(15), 263–267. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.02.058.
Hmel'nic'kij, G., Homenko, V., & Kanjuka, O. (1994). Veterinarna farmakologіja. K.: Urozhaj (in Ukrainian).
Kulik, M., Zasuha, T., & Velichko, І. (1995). Tradicіjnі і netradicіjnі mіneraly u tvarinnyctvі. Sіl'gosposvіta (in Ukrainian).
Lavryshyn, Y.Y., Gutyj, B.V., Palyadichuk, O.R., & Vishchur, V.Y. (2018). Morphological blood indices of the Bull in experimental chronic cadmium toxicosis. Scientific Messenger of Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 20(88), 108–114. doi: 10.32718/nvlvet8820.
Mamenko, A., Portjannyk, S., & Ivanov, G. (2010). Mygracyja tjazhelyh metallov v moloko korov v uslovijah zagrjaznenyja okruzhajushhej sredy polljutantamy i ksenobiotykamy. Vestnyk Ul'janovskoj gosudarstvennoj sel'skohozjajstvennoj akademyy. Nauchno-teoretycheskyj zhurnal, 2(12), 85–91 (in Russian).
Mamenko, O., & Portjannik, S. (2008). Porushennja gomeostazu bіlkіv v organіzmі dіjnih korіv pri zgodovuvannі kormіv z perevishhenim vmіstom vazhkih metalіv. Naukovij vіsnik L'vіvs'kogo nacіonal'nogo unіversitetu veterinarnoї medicini ta bіotehnologіj іm. Gzhic'kogo, 10, 2(37), 222–231 (in Ukrainian).
Mamenko, O., Tatuzjan, R., Djurych, G., Jeres'ko, G., Jacjuta, M., Mishhenko, M., Kozachenko, O., Homenko, V., Jakubchak, O., Tjutjun, A., Kryzhanivs'kyj, Ja., Pabat, V., Dovgyj, A., Marchuk, L., Gurejeva, V., Babichuk, M., Marchenko, G., Ostapiv, N., & Savchuk, G. (1997). Derzhavnyj standart Ukrai'ny 3662-97. Moloko korovʼjache nezbyrane. Vymogy pry zakupivli (in Ukrainian).
Ostapyuk, A.Y., & Gutyj, B.V. (2018). Influence of cad-mium loading on morphological parameters of blood of the Laying Hens. Scientific Messenger of Lviv Na-tional University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotech-nologies, 20(88), 48–52. doi: 10.32718/nvlvet8808.
Podobed, L., Candur, N., Skrylev, N., & Nikitin, A. (1996). Tehnika sostavlenija racionov kormlenija, kormosmesej i kombikormov dlja sel'skoho-zjajstvennyh zhivotnyh. Odessa: OGOSHOS (in Ukrainian).
Portjannik, S. (2002). Udoskonalennja tehnologіi virobnyctva ekologіchno chistogo moloka v umovah zabrudnennja kormіv vazhkimi metalami. Problemy zooіnzhenerіi ta veterinarnoi medycyny. Zbіrnyk naukovyh prac' Harkіvs'koi derzhavnoi zooveterynarnoi akademіi, 11, 317–322 (in Ukrainian).
Portjannyk, S. (2002). Vplyv premiksu i preparatu “T” na otrymannja ekologichno chystogo moloka. Visnyk Sums'kogo nacional'nogo agrarnogo universytetu. Naukovo-metodychnyj zhurnal serija “Tvarynnyctvo”, 6, 471–474 (in Ukrainian).
Praice, W. (1972). Analitical atomic absortion spectrome-try. London, New-York, Phein, 259–275.
Rahimi, E. (2013). Lead and cadmium concentrations in goat, cow, sheep, and buffalo milks from different re-gions of Iran. Food Chemistry, 136(2), 389–391. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.09.016.
Rezza, C., Albanese, S., Ayuso, R., Lima, A., Sorvari, J., & De Vivo, B. (2018). Geochemical and Pb isotopic characterization of soil, groundwater, human hair, and corn samples from the Domizio Flegreo and Agro Aversano area (Campania region, Italy). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 184(В), 318–332. doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2017.01.007.
Roggeman, S., De Boeck, G., De Cock, H., Blust, R., & Bervoets, L. (2014). Accumulation and detoxification of metals and arsenic in tissues of cattle (Bos taurus), and the risks for human consumption. Science of The Total Environment, 466–467(1), 175–184. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.07.007.
Salvatori, F., Talassi, C., Salzgeber, S., Sipinosa, H., & Bernardi, M. (2004). Embryotoxic and long-term effects of cadmium exposure during embryogenesis in rats. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 26(5), 673–680. doi: 10.1016/j.ntt.2004.05.001.
Savchenko, Ju., & Savchuk, I. (2013). Saponit znyzhuje koncentraciju vazhkyh metaliv u produkcii' svynarst-va. Agropromyslove vyrobnyctvo, 6, 114–118 (in Ukrainian).
Savchenko, Ju., Savchuk, І., Savchenko, M., Chorna, L., Karpjuk, N. (2011). Mіgracіja vazhkih metalіv v sis-temі kormi-organіzm bugajcіv na vіdgodіvlі. Vіsnik Zhitomirs'kogo nacіonal'nogo agroekologіchnogo unіversitetu, 1(28), S. 225–231 (in Ukrainian).
Séboussi, R., Tremblay, G., Ouellet, V., Chouinard, P., Chorfi, Y., Bélanger, G., & Charbonneau, É. (2016). Selenium-fertilized forage as a way to supplement lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 99(7), 5358–5369. doi: 10.3168/jds.2015-10758.
Sokolov, V., Andreeva, N., Nozdrin, G. i dr. (2002). Klinicheskaja farmakologija. M.: Kolos (in Ukrainian).
Zasekіn, D. (2000). Detoksikacіja nadlishku vazhkih metalіv v organіzmі tvarin – zaporuka zberezhennja zdorov’ja ta oderzhannja ekologіchno chistoi tvarynnyc'koi produkcіi. Nauk. vіsn. NAU, 28, 258–269 (in Ukrainian).
Abstract views: 0 PDF Downloads: 1