The effect of Chlorella suspension on productivity of chickens

Keywords: feeding, layer chickens, suspension, Chlorella, productivity


The full feeding is one of the most important conditions that form the level of productivity in poultry industry. The value of feeding rations is known to depend not only on the presence of all essential substances in them, but also on the degree of its biological availability. Due to a wide range of vitamins, including fat-soluble, as well as macro- and micro elements in a biologically accessible form in Chlorella composition, Chlorella suspension can be become the useful component in feeding of poultry farming. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate the influence of the Chlorella water suspension on growth, daily weight increment and amount of eggs of chicken. The Chlorella suspension was produced by “Samvel Farm Enterprise” in Bilyaivka district of Odessa region, Ukraine. The investigation was carried out on layer chickens of “Brown” breed at the age of 360 days, which were divided into 3 experimental groups: one of them was control group and two were research groups with 300 heads of layer chickens in each. Despite of Chlorella suspension chickens were fed by ordinary animal feeding stuff. Most of the feed composition for all chicken groups consisted of wheat, barley and limestone. The nutritional value of this complete feed involved the presence of the crude protein, crude fiber and necessary amino acids including lysine, methionine.  The second chicken group, throughout the experiment during 160 days was fed with a suspension of Chlorella in a concentration of 50 million, and in the 3d experimental group – 60 million cells in 1 milliliter of fluid. The results of research showed that the use of Chlorella suspension positively influences the raise of growth of chickens in the 2nd and 3rd experimental groups, which is characterized by the higher absolute, relative and average daily increments. The maximum result was achieved in 2nd experimental group, where the optimal cell concentration in the Chlorella suspension was 50 million cells in 1 milliliter of fluid and daily rate of increment was 30 grams per 1 head. Also after feeding with Chlorella suspension egg-laying increased by 12.4% compared to egg-laying of chickens in control group. Consequently, the inclusion of Chlorella suspension in chicken feeding allows obtaining poultry products with the maximum consumer qualities.


An, B.-K., Kim, K.-E., Jeon, J.-Y., & Lee, K.W. (2016). Effect of dried Chlorella vulgaris and Chlorella growth factor on growth performance, meat qualities and humoral immune responses in broiler chickens. Spr Pl, 5(1), 718. doi: 10.1186/s40064-016-2373-4.

de-Bashan, L.E., Moreno, M., Hernandez, J.-P., & Bashan, Y. (2002). Removal of ammonium and phosphorus ions from synthetic wastewater by the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris coimmobilized in alginate beads with the microalgae growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense. Water Res, 36(12), 2941–2948. doi: 10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00522-X.

Skřivan, M., Šimáně, J., Dlouhá, G., & Doucha, J. (2006). Effect of dietary sodium selenite, Se-enriched yeast and Se-enriched Chlorella on egg Se concentration, physical parameters of eggs and laying hen production. Czech J Anim Sci, 51(4), 163–167. doi: 10.17221/3924-CJAS.

Doucha, J., Lívanský, K., Kotrbáček, V., & Zachleder, V. (2009). Production of Chlorella biomass enriched by selenium and its use in animal nutrition: A review. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 83(6), 1001-1008. doi: 10.1007/s00253-009-2058-9.

Halle, I., & Janczyk, P. (2009). Effect of microalgae Chlorella vulgaris on laying hen performance. Arch Zootech, 12(2), 5–13.

Heindl, J., Ledvinka, Z., Englmaierova, M., Zita, L., & Tumova, E. (2010). The effect of dietary selenium sources and levels on performance, selenium content in muscle and glutathione peroxidase activity in broiler chickens. Czech J Anim Sci, 55(12), 572–578. doi: 10.17221/2487-CJAS.

Huang, G., Chen, F., Wei, D., Zhang, X., & Chen, G. (2010). Biodiesel production by microalgal biotechnology. Appl Ener, 87(1), 38–46. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.06.016.

Janczyk, P., Franke, H., & Souffrant, W.B. (2007). Nutritional value of Chlorella vulgaris: Effects of ultrasonication and electroporation on digestibility in rats. Anim Feed Sci Technol, 132(1–2), 163–169. doi: 10.1016/J.ANIFEEDSCI.2006.03.007.

Janczyk, P., Wolf, C., & Souffrant, W.B. (2005). Evaluation of nutritional value and safety of the green micro-algae Chlorella vulgaris treated with novel processing methods. Arch Zootechn, 8, 132–147.

Kang, H.K., Park, S.B., & Kim, C.H. (2017). Effects of dietary supplementation with a chlorella by-product on the growth performance, immune response, intestinal microflora and intestinal mucosal morphology in broiler chickens. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr, 101(2), 208–214. doi: 10.1111/jpn.12566.

Kang, H.K., Salim, H.M., Akter, N., Kim, D.W., Kim, J.H., Bang, H.T., & Suh, O.S. (2013). Effect of various forms of dietary Chlorella supplementation on growth performance, immune characteristics, and intestinal microflora population of broiler chickens.

J Appl Poul Res, 22(1), 100–108.

doi: 10.3382/japr.2012-00622.

Kotrbáček, V., Doubek, J., & Doucha, J. (2015). The chlorococcalean alga Chlorella in animal nutrition: a review. J Appl Phycol, 27(6), 2173–2180. doi: 10.1007/s10811-014-0516-y.

Kotrbáček, V., Skřivan, M., & Kopecký, J. (2013). Retention of carotenoids in egg yolks of laying hens supplemented with heterotrophic Chlorella. Czech J Anim Sci, 58(5), 193–200. doi: 10.17221/6747-CJAS.

Liang, Y., Sarkany, N., & Cui, Y. (2009). Biomass and lipid productivities of Chlorella vulgaris under autotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic growth conditions. Biotechnol Lett, 31(7), 1043–1049. doi: 10.1007/s10529-009-9975-7.

Ogbonna, J.C., Masui, H., & Tanaka, H. (1997). Sequential heterotrophic/autotrophic cultivation – An efficient method of producing Chlorella biomass for health food and animal feed. J Appl Phycol, 9(4), 359–366. doi: 10.1023/A:1007981930676.

Sevcikova, S., Skrivan, M., Dlouha, G., & Koucky, M. (2006). The effect of selenium source on the performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. Czech J Anim Sci, 51(10), 449–457. doi: 10.17221/3964-CJAS.

Skřivan, M., Marounek, M., Dlouhá, G., & ŠevčÍková, S. (2008). Dietary selenium increases vitamin E contents of egg yolk and chicken meat. British Poul Sci, 49(4), 482–486. doi: 10.1080/00071660802236021.

Surai, P.F. (2002). Selenium in poultry nutrition 2. Reproduction, egg and meat quality and practical applications. World’s Poult Sci J, 58(04), 431–450. doi: 10.1079/WPS20020032.

Watanabe, A., Ito, R., & Sasa, T. (1955). Micro-Algae as a source of nutrients for daphnids. J Gen Appl Microbiol, 1(2), 137–141. doi: 10.2323/jgam.1.137.

Widjaja A., Chien C.-C., & Ju, Y.-H. (2009). Study of increasing lipid production from fresh water microalgae Chlorella vulgaris. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng, 40(1), 13–20. doi: 10.1016/J.JTICE.2008.07.007.

Yun, Y.-S., & Park, J. (2001). Attenuation of monochromatic and polychromatic lights in Chlorella vulgaris suspensions. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 55(6), 765–770, doi: 10.1007/s002530100639.

Zhu, L., Wang, Z., Shu, Q., Takala, J., Hiltunen, E., Feng, P., & Yuan, Z. (2013). Nutrient removal and biodiesel production by integration of freshwater algae cultivation with piggery wastewater treatment. Water Res, 47(13), 4294–4302, doi: 10.1016/J.WATRES.2013.05.004

Abstract views: 0
PDF Downloads: 0
How to Cite
Garbazhii, K., & Karunskii, O. (2019). The effect of Chlorella suspension on productivity of chickens. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 21(90), 63-67.