Influence of feed additive “Butaselmevit-Plus” on antioxidant status of rats in conditions of oxidative stress
The purpose of the work was to investigate the effect of the feed supplement “Butaselmevit Plus” on the antioxidant status of the organism in rats under conditions of oxidative stress. The research was carried out on white, sexually-mature, young male rats of the Wistar line, with a body weight of 180–200 g, which was kept on a standard diet of the Institute vivarium of the State Scientific-Research Control Institute of Veterinary Preparations and Feed Supplements. The animals were divided into three groups of 20 animals in each: 1st group (K) intact animals; Group 2 (R1) – rats, affected with tetrachloromethane; Group 3 (R2) – rats, affected with tetrachloromethane and used as a feed additive “Butaselmevit-Plus”. The feed supplement “Butaselmevit-Plus” includes the fruits of thistle spotted, methionine, sodium selenite and vitamins A, E, D3. Significant violation of oxidative-antioxidant balance in animals under oxidative stress conditions, which is characterized, primarily, by activation of processes of radical lipid oxidation with excessive accumulation of both intermediate and final products of lipid peroxidation oxidation and inhibition of antioxidant defense system activity, is established. The development of oxidative stress leads to the inhibition of the activity of the glutathione system of antioxidant protection of the body of rats. This is evidenced by the low activity of glutathione peroxidase and the low level of reduced glutathione in the blood of experimental rats. The feed supplement “Butaselmeib-Plus” contributed to the activation of the system of antioxidant protection of the body of rats for tetrachloromethane poisoning, as evidenced by the increased activity of glutathione peroxidase and the level of reduced glutathione. In addition, in the blood of experimental rats, inhibition of lipid peroxidation and formation of free radicals was observed. It was determined that the level of lipids hydroperoxides on the 20th day of the experiment in blood of rats of experimental group R2 decreased by 35.7%, and the level of TBK-active products – by 21.6% relative to the indices of the first experimental group of rats. Thus, the feed supplement “Butaselmevit-Plus” when fed to rats for the development of oxidative stress inhibited lipid peroxidation, as indicated by the low level of lipids hydroperoxides and TBK-active products in their blood. This may be due to the fact that the feed additive includes two strong antioxidants, such as vitamin E and selenium, which in turn enhance the action of each other. It should also be noted that the antioxidant properties of thistle blisters, which, according to the literature, also possess antioxidant properties. It consists of vitamins B, A, E, K, precursors of vitamin D, carotenoids, macroelements – potassium, calcium, magnesium, ferrum and microelements – Cuprum, Zinc, Manganese, Iodine. The combined action of these biologically important elements exhibits high hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity.
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