The sexual activity of the ram-sires, depending on their mode of use
Literary data are presented and their analysis is conducted regarding the mode of use of ram-sires and their effect on sexual activity and sperm productivity. The results of research of scientists with recommendations of optimal modes of use of fetuses for semen production and its cryopreservation in non-pairing and steaming periods are presented. According to the results of the analysis of many researchers, the activity of the sexual reflexes of the rams in the spring and summer decreases by 1.4 times compared to the winter. At the same time quantitative indicators of sperm productivity decrease. However, M.M. Aibazov (1987) experimentally confirmed that sheep-breeders of the Caucasian fine-breed and Australian merenos breed exhibit high sexual activity and produce sperm of satisfactory quality in all seasons. Similar results were obtained by British researchers in the study of sexual activity and sperm productivity of ram-sires of British breeds. A.A. Ivanov (1987) indicates the regime of use of ram sires, for five years with obtaining and subsequent freezing in the unpaired period 6 ejaculates (2 doublets 3 times) per week and in the breeding season 10 ejaculates (2 doublets 5 times) week. P.P. Kundyshev (2004) considers it possible and proposes to obtain from the breeding rams for cryopreservation and storage during the year, both unpaired and steaming periods, with daily ejaculate production. This mode, according to the author, provides a sufficiently high fertility sperm up to 50.3 percent. In the study of sexual activity and sperm productivity of ram-sires of different breeds, including the North Caucasian meat-wool, jalgin merino, Soviet merino, maniche merino, Russian meat merino, Edelbaev, polldore P.P. Mammoth and others. (2018) found that the most active were the rams of the Edinburgh breed, which took 22 seconds. ejaculate secretion, and the slowest texel breeders, which took 39 seconds to ejaculate. The rams of the other breeds listed above spent 25 to 34 seconds to ejaculate. In addition, rams of Texel breed produced the lowest activity sperm, and therefore only 19 sperm were frozen from one ejaculate, with an average of 20 to 26 sperm species tested.
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