Features of providing broiler chickens with exchange energy and protein as important indicators of productivity and quality of the obtained products
The article deals with the possibility of using feed additives in the feeding of broiler chickens and the peculiarities of their effect on the poultry organism. Contemporary data on the biological role of nutrients and energy in the feeding of broiler chickens are presented. The characteristics of the main feeds for poultry and the ways of reducing their prime cost in the conditions of broiler farms are given. The basic principles of effective feeding of poultry with forages of different content of metabolic energy and crude protein are considered, taking into account their assimilation in the body. Provided compound feed recipes and practical tips. It is established that high growth rate of broiler chickens in the start and groove periods (5–39 days) is provided by high-protein compound feeds – 23% (1–2 weeks), 21% (3–5 weeks) and exchange energy of 298 kcal and 305 kcal, respectively. With further cultivation in the finish forage the protein content in the forage decreases and the level of metabolic energy increases (up to 309 kcal). However, for each cross applies its own technology of cultivation and different rates of nutrients in raw materials. It is clear that effective breeding of broiler chickens is not possible without the proper rationing and use of protein and feed energy. Of course, provided that the supply of biologically active substances also corresponds to the normalized amount. Thus, the quality of poultry products is directly dependent on the quality of feed and the efficiency of transformation of feed energy into products.
Borodai, V.P., Melnyk, V.V., & Bazyvoliak, S.M. (2007). Hodivlia perepeliv. Suchasne ptakhivnytstvo, 8–9 (57–58), 14–17 (in Ukrainian).
Bratyshko, N., & Prytulenko, O. (2012). Trytykale v hodivnytsi. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 1, 42–43 (in Ukrainian).
Chornolata, L. (2016). Mikroelementy dlia kurchat-broileriv. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 10, 50–52 (in Ukrain-ian).
Chornolata, L., & Zdor, L. (2015). Rozrakhunok vitaminiv. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 5(41), 47–49 (in Ukrainian).
Chudak, R., Ohorodnichuk, H., Shevchuk, T., Adler, O., & Prokopchuk, I. (2009). Nut u hodivli kurchat-broileriv. Tvarynnytstvo Ukrainy, 2, 37–39 (in Ukrainian).
Dychakovska, V. (2011). Nyzki pryrosty – nedozvolena rozkish! Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 4, 24–27 (in Ukraini-an).
Dychakovska, V. (2011). Rentabelnist ochyma zootekhnika. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 5, 36–37 (in Ukrainian).
Fialovych, L.M., Kyryliv, Ia.I., & Paskevych, H.A. (2018). Production of geese at using unconventional additions in mixed fodder. Scientific Messenger of Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 20(84), 127–130. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet8423.
Fisinin, V. (2002). Polnotsennoe pitanie ptytsy – kachestvo i rentabelnost produktsii. Kombikorma, 1, 42–45 (in Russian).
Hunchak, A.V., Ratych, I.B., Gutyj, B.V., & Paskevych, H.A. (2016). Metabolic effects of iodine in poultry for its deficiency or excess in the diet. Scientific Messenger LNUVMBT named after S.Z. Gzhytskyj, 18, 2(67), 70–76. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet6716.
Ibatullin, I.I., Kryvenok, M.Ia., & Ilchuk, I.I. (2014). Teoretychne ta eksperymentalne obhruntuvannia zminy potreb kurei batkivskoho stada u treonini i metionini zalezhno vid viku ta produktyvnosti. Suchasne ptakhivnytstvo, 2(135), 4–7 (in Ukrainian).
Khvostyk, V. (2015). Kormovi potreby perepeliv. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 3(39), 60–63 (in Ukrainian).
Kyryliv, B., & Hunchak, A. (2016). The influence of alimentary factors on productivity hens. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 18(2(67), 287–291. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet6762.
Kyryliv, Ya.I., & Ratych, I.B. (2000). Otsinka yakosti kombikormiv dlia ptytsi i produktsii ptakhivnytstva. Navchalnyi posibnyk (in Ukrainian).
Medvid, S.M., Hunchak, A.V., Gutyj, B.V., & Ratych, I.B. (2017). Prospects of rational security chicken-broilers with mineral substances. Scientific Messenger LNUVMB, 19(79), 127–134. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet7925.
Melnyk, V.V. (2007). Kormy dlia ptytsi. Suchasne ptakhivnytstvo, 5–6(54–55), 14–20 (in Ukrainian).
Menzhyk, T. (2016). Hotuiemo kurei do speky. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 3(45), 47–49 (in Ukrainian).
Osipenko, O. (2015). Maiesh fermenty – ekonomysh koshty. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 5(41), 58–60 (in Ukrainian).
Ostapkevych, V. (2005). Osoblyvosti hodivli indykiv vazhkykh krosiv. Efektyvne ptakhivnytstvo, 1, 23–26 (in Ukrainian).
Otchenashko, V. (2012). Upravlinnia rostom. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 2, 37–39 (in Ukrainian).
Ponomarenko, N.P., Krasnoshchok, V.H. (2007). Khvoroby perepeliv ta yikh profilaktyka. Suchasne ptakhivnytstvo, 10–11(59–60), 34–40 (in Ukrainian).
Prudyus, T.Ya., Kyryliv, Ya.I., & Barylo, B.S. (2016). Vplyv biolohichno aktyvnoi kormovoi dobavky ak-tyvio na deiaki pokaznyky lipidnoho obminu ta antyoksydantnyi stan kurchat-broileriv. Naukovyi visnyk LNUVMBT im. S.Z. Gzhytskoho. 18, 1(65), 111–116 https://nvlvet.com.ua/index.php/agriculture/ article/view/3511/3479 (in Ukrainian).
Shurchkova, Yu., Hanzenko, V., & Radchenko, N. (2009). Proteinovyi korm dlia ptytsi. Tvarynnytstvo Ukrainy, 5, 35–36 (in Ukrainian).
Slavianska, V. (2016). Pravylnyi vybir kombikormu. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 2(44), 72–73 (in Ukrainian).
Slavianska, V., Lenkova, T., & Yehorova, T. (2012). Chy buty v ratsionakh ripaku? Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 1, 54–57 (in Ukrainian).
Sobolev, A.I., Gutyj, B.V., Petryshak, O.I., Golodjuk, I.P., Petryshak, R.A., & Naumyuk, O.S. (2017). Morphological and biochemical blood indicators of ducklings, which are raised for the purpose of meat with the different level of selenium in feeding-stuffs. Scientific Messenger LNUVMBT named after S.Z. Gzhytskyj, 19(74), 57–62. doi: 10.15421/nvlvet7413.
Svann, D. (2015). Dostupna alternatyva. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 4(40), 55–58 (in Ukrainian).
Sychov, M. (2014). Enerhetychnyi holod. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 1(31), 45–47 (in Russian).
Sychov, M. (2015). Dzherela metioninu. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 4(40), 60–63 (in Russian).
Sychov, M. (2015). Vplyv na rist kurchat-broileriv. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 5(41), 62–64 (in Russian).
Sychov, M. (2019). Zbalansovane spivvidnoshennia. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 1(61), 66–69 (in Russian).
Verner, O., & Sytko, O. (2012). Komponentam kormu – peretravnist! Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 1, 48–49 (in Ukrainian).
Yatsenko, O. (2015). Protein dlia kurchat-broileriv. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 6(42), 62–65 (in Ukrainian).
Yatsenko, O. (2015). Yakist kurchat-broileriv i treonin. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 5(41), 74–75 (in Ukrainian).
Yatsenko, O. (2016). Netradytsiine rishennia. Nashe ptakhivnytstvo, 2(44), 47–49 (in Ukrainian).
Abstract views: 1 PDF Downloads: 1