Evaluation of the reproductive ability of cows of different production types of the simmental breed
In today 's conditions of intensive cattle breeding, the improvement of the reproductive qualities of cows has significant practical and scientific interest since reproductive function impairment of cattle, shortens the period of its economic use, lowers the level of dairy productivity and therefore the profitability of the livestock industry as a whole. In this respect the reproductive metrics studying of cows of different production types of Simmental breed is important. Researches were held at agricultural limited liability company “Litinske” in the Drohobych district of Lviv oblast. It is established that the average age of the first insemination of Simmental breed animals was 549 days or 18.1 months, age of first calving – 827.3 days or 27.2 months, and the live weight in the specified physiological periods – 453.7 and respectively 529.1 kg. The duration of pregnant heifers was 278.4 days, and the duration of the service period of cows, depending on lactation, was within 89.7–94.4, the interval period – within 371.8–375.1 and the dry period – within 73.1–73.5 days. Indicators of reproductive capacity of animals depend on their production type. In particular, the first insemination and the first calving of animals of dairy production type occurred later than of animals of meat and dairy and meat types. However, heifers of dairy production type were smaller live weight during these periods compared to animals of other production types. It is found that the shortest duration of pregnancy and the longest duration of service and inter service periods were characterized by cows of dairy production type. The strength of impact of production type of animals on age of the first insemination accounted for 11.5% of the total phenotypic variability on the age of the first calving – 9,9%, on the duration of the service period – 7.8–11.0%, inter-calving – 4.8–10.4%, and on the duration of the body and the dry period was insignificant and unbelievable.
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