Prospects for the use of peat in biotechnology and for production products of its processing


Keywords: peat, biotechnology, ecology, agriculture

Abstract

The article summarizes information on the use of peat - a natural substrate in agro-industrial production, maintaining the cleanliness of the soil and maintaining the cleanliness of the environment. Intensive anthropological activity in modern conditions often leads to the deterioration of the ecological situation of the environment, disruption of the interaction between living organisms and the environment. Biological destruction of the ecological system inherent in a given area can occur under the influence of excessive use of agrochemicals, pesticides, microorganisms with altered characteristics due to interaction with infectious agents or parasites, as well as due to changes in the gene pool of living under the influence of genetic engineering. At the present stage in world development, importance is attached to the approximation of agricultural technologies to the natural conditions of operation. Cleaning the environment, preserving and increasing soil fertility, obtaining high-quality and environmentally friendly agricultural products is a vital but at the same time costly process, which involves significant economic costs. Therefore, there is a need to find cheap ways to solve this problem, replace expensive fertilizers with alternative means, the rational use of biological factors that increase the effectiveness of chemicals. For this purpose, biosubstrates, peat, natural fertilizers and preparations are widely used in world, especially organic agriculture, which are created by the method of selection of effective compositions of microorganism strains in order to activate regenerative processes in soils and ensure their potential. Peat is a natural raw material, an important agro-industrial resource with great potential, which has a multifaceted application. The most reactive part of peat is the population of microorganisms. With the participation of symbiotic microorganisms, the mineralization of peat components occurs, as a result of which nutrients become available to plants. The practice of using peat in agriculture shows its effectiveness as an organic fertilizer, peat-based composts increase soil fertility, agricultural productivity in general, improve environmental cleanliness. Peat has long been used in livestock facilities for bedding. Peat litter has advantages over straw litter due to its high absorption and moisture retention capacity, antibiotic properties. Waste litter is used for composting, as a valuable organic fertilizer to improve soil fertility. Peat is an important source of humic substances in the world, so it is used to produce humic preparations.

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Published
2020-10-12
How to Cite
Korytko, O. (2020). Prospects for the use of peat in biotechnology and for production products of its processing. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 22(93), 126-131. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet-a9321