Influence of mixed-liganding complexes of Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in feeding highly productive cows in the early dry period for their dairy productivity in the first 100 days of lactation and reproductive functions
A number of scientific publications on the influence of microelements on the vital activity of cows, the level of milk productivity and reproductive function are analyzed. The article presents the results of research on the study of different levels of mixed-ligand complexes of Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in the feeding of cows in the dry season for their future milk productivity and reproductive functions. The research was carried out in the conditions of “Terezine”, Bila Tserkva district, Kyiv region, on highly productive cows of the Ukrainian black-spotted dairy breed. It was found that the elimination of Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt deficiency in the diets of cows in the dry season due to different doses of their mixed-ligand complexes had a positive effect on further milk productivity. In terms of gross milk yield of natural milk for milk of 4 % fat content, the difference in this indicator between the cows of the 2nd experimental group and control was 195.9 kg, or 5.52 % (P < 0.01), the 3rd experimental – 220.4 kg, or 6.21 % (P < 0.001), the 4th experimental – 242.0 kg, or 6.82 % (P < 0.001) and the 5th experimental group and control – 116.3 kg, or 3.28 %. Different concentrations of mixed-ligand complexes of the studied micronutrients in the diets of dry and lactating cows differently affected their reproductive functions. One fertile insemination of each cow in the 1st control group required 2.8 inseminations, in the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th experimental groups – 2.1; 1.9; 1.7 and 2.3 fertilization, which is 75.0 according to the control; 67.9; 60.7 and 82.1 %. Lower levels of Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt led to positive dynamics in the physiological state of cows, stimulated their hunting and provided normal conditions for the processes of fertilization and embryo development in cows. The best effect on the milk productivity of cows and their reproductive functions had the following levels of trace elements in 1 kg of SR feed, mg: Zinc – 30; Manganese – 30; Cobalt – 0.38; Selenium – 0.3; Copper – 9 and Iodine – 0.7. This concentration of trace elements was achieved due to their mixed-ligand complexes, and Copper – its sulfate, Iodine – potassium iodide, and Selenium – selenium Suplex.
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