Evaluation of first-born cows of different genotypes on the indicators of udder development and milk production
Recently, an important element in improving the genetic traits of dairy cattle on commercial farms is the use of interbreeding (crossbreeding). The use of crossbreeding makes it possible to use a variety of additive genetic levels between breeds to grow individuals with higher economic potential. The aim of this study was to analyze the development of udder parameters in crossbred first-borns compared to purebred counterparts and to study the indicators of milk production during milking. The research was conducted on the first-born Ukrainian black-spotted dairy breed and first-generation crossbreeds obtained by crossing with the Brown Swiss breed and on the Ukrainian red-spotted dairy breed and first-generation crossbreeds obtained by crossing Ukrainian red-spotted dairy breed with Montbeliarde breed. Two groups of purebred and local first-borns were formed in both farms. Both farms use the same type of year-round feeding of cows with complete feed mixtures. The study was performed on first-born cows during weaning (2–3 months of lactation). It was found that local first-borns obtained by crossing red-spotted and Montbeliarde breeds outnumbered purebred red-spotted analogues in terms of measurements and udder indices. The opposite situation was observed in local first-borns obtained as result of crossing black-spotted and Brown Swiss breeds, which were inferior in these characteristics to purebred black-spotted analogues. In purebred black and red-spotted cows, the rates of single and daily milking were higher than in local ones. Also, purebred first-borns had a longer duration of single milking, indicators of average and maximum intensity of milk production and milk yield in the first 3 minutes. Prospects for further research are to study the productivity for completed lactation, the quality of milk and the duration of the service period.
Borshch, O. O., Gutyj, B. V., Sobolev, O. I., Borshch, O. V., Ruban, S. Yu., Bilkevich, V. V., Dutka, V. R., Chernenko, O. M., Zhelavskyi, M. M., & Nahirniak, T. (2020). Adaptation strategy of different cow geno-types to the voluntary milking system. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(1), 145–150. doi: 10.15421/2020_23.
Borshch, A. A., Ruban, S., Borshch, A. V., & Babenko, O. (2019). Effect of three bedding materials on the mi-croclimate conditions, cows behavior and milk yield. Polish Journal of Natural Sciences, 34, 19–31. URL: http://rep.btsau.edu.ua/handle/BNAU/2091.
Borshch, A. A., Borshch, A. V., Lutsenko, M. M., Merzlov, S. V., Kosior, L. T., Lastovska, I. A., & Pirova, L. V. (2018). Amino acid and mineral composition of milk from local Ukrainian cows and their crossbreedings with Brown Swiss and Montbeliarde breeds. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture, 43(3), 238–246. doi: 10.14710/jitaa.43.3.238-246.
Bryant, J. R., López-Villalobos, N., Pryce, J. E., Holmes, C. W., Johnson, D. L., & Garrick, D. J. (2007). Short communication: Effect of environment on the ex-pression of breed and heterosis effects for production traits. Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 1548–1553. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(07)71640-5.
Clasen, J. B., Fikse, W. F., Kargo, M., Rydhmer, L., Strandberg, E., & Østergaard, S. (2020). Economic consequences of dairy crossbreeding in conventional and organic herds in Sweden. Journal of Dairy Sci-ence, 103, 514–528. doi: 10.3168/jds.2019-16958.
Clasen, J. B., Fogh, A., & Kargo, M. (2019). Differences between performance of F1 crossbreds and Holsteins at different production levels. Journal of Dairy Sci-ence, 102, 436–441. doi: 10.3168/jds.2018-14975.
Dezetter, C., Bareille, N., Billon, D., Côrtes, C., Lechartier, C., & Seegers, H. (2017). Changes in animal perfor-mance and profitability of Holstein dairy operations after introduction of crossbreeding with Montbéliarde, Normande, and Scandinavian Red. Journal of Dairy Science, 100(10), 8239–8264. doi: 10.3168/jds.2016-11436.
Hazel, A. R., Heins, B. J., & Hansen, L. B. (2017). Fertility, survival, and conformation of Montbéliarde × Holstein and Viking Red × Holstein crossbred cows compared with pure Holstein cows during first lactation in 8 commercial dairy herds. Journal of Dairy Science, 100(11), 9447–9458. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-12824.
Heins, B. J., Hansen, L. B., & De Vries, A. (2012). Survival, lifetime production, and profitability of crossbreds of Holstein with Normande, Montbeliarde, and Scandinavian Red compared to pure Holstein cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 95(2), 1011–1021. doi: 10.3168/jds.2011–4525.
Heins, B. J., & Hansen, L. B. (2012). Short communication: Fertility, somatic cell score, and production of Normande x Holstein, Montbeliarde x Holstein, and Scandinavian Red x Holstein crossbreds versus pure Holsteins during their first 5 lactations. Journal of Dairy Science, 95(2), 918–924. doi: 10.3168/jds.2011-4523.
Kargo, M., Clasen, J.B., Nielsen, H.M., Byskov, K., & Norberg, E. (2021). Short communication: Heterosis and breed effects for milk production and udder health traits in crosses between Danish Holstein, Dan-ish Red, and Danish Jersey. Journal of Dairy Science, 104(1), 678–682. doi: 10.3168/jds.2019-17866.
Lembeye, F., López-Villalobos, N., Burke, J. L., & Davis, S. R. (2016). Breed and heterosis effects for milk yield traits at different production levels, lactation number and milking frequencies. New Zealand Journal of Ag-riculture Research, 59, 156–164. doi: 10.1080/00288233.2016.1156551.
Malchiodi, F., Cecchinato, A., & Bittante, G. (2014). Fertility traits of purebred Holsteins and 2- and 3-breed crossbred heifers and cows obtained from Swedish Red, Montbéliarde, and Brown Swiss sires. Journal of Dairy Science, 97, 7916–7926. doi: 10.3168/jds.2014-8156.
Polupan, Yu. P., & Koval, T. P. (2006). Morfologіchnі osoblivosі vim’ya korіv ukraіinskoіi chervonoіi molochnoіi porodi. Vіsnik agrarnoіi nauki, 1, 23–28 (in Ukrainian).
Puppel, K., Bogusz, E., Gołębiewski, M., Nałęcz‐Tarwacka, T., Kuczyńska, B., Slósarz, J., Budziński, A., Solarczyk, P., Kunowska‐Slósarz, M., & Przysucha, T. (2018). Effect of Dairy Cow Crossbreeding on Selected Performance Traits and Quality of Milk in First Generation Crossbreds. Journal of Food Science, 83(1), 229–236. doi: 10.1111/1750-3841.13988.
Ruban, S. Yu., Borshch, O. V., & Borshch, O. O. (2017). Suchasni tekhnolohiyi vyrobnytstva moloka. (osoblyvosti ekspluatatsiyi, tekhnolohichni rishennya, eskizni proekty) [Modern milk production technolo-gies. (peculiarities of operation, technological deci-sions, sketch designs)]. Kharkiv: STYLIZDAT (in Ukrainian).
Ruban, S., Borshch, O. O., Borshch, O. V., Orischuk, O., Balatskiy, Y., Fedorchenko, M., Kachan, A., & Zlochevskiy, M. (2020). The impact of high temperatures on respiration rate, breathing condition and productivity of dairy cows in different production systems. Animal Science Papers and Reports, 38(l), 61–72.
Shonka-Martin, B. N., Heins, B. J., & Hansen, L. B. (2019). Three-breed rotational crossbreds of Montbéliarde, Viking Red, and Holstein compared with Holstein cows for feed efficiency, income over feed cost, and residual feed intake. Journal of Dairy Science, 102(4), 3661–3673. doi: 10.3168/jds.2018-15682.
Tetens, J., Thaller, G., & Krattenmacher, N. (2014). Genetic and genomic dissection of dry matter intake at different lactation stages in primiparous Holstein cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 97, 520–531. doi: 10.3168/jds.2013-7301.
Abstract views: 75 PDF Downloads: 41