Monitoring of the main parameters of pond water in order to obtain safe products for joint cultivation of sturgeon and carp fish

Keywords: hydrochemical regime, ponds, polyculture, nutrients


The article presents the results of studying the hydrochemical regimes of carp ponds in polyculture and for the introduction of sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus) into polyculture. The highest pH values were in pond 2, and in the second half of June and the first half of July exceeded the upper limit of normal (norm 6.5–8.5) by 0.3 and 0.5, respectively. In July, the upper limit of the norm was exceeded in the water of pond 1, by 0.1 and 0.2, respectively. From August, the pH of water increased in both ponds until October and in pond 2 the active reaction of water was higher, compared to pond 1, 5.08.2020, by 18.3 %, 20.08.2020 by 12.3 %, 5.09.2020, by 3.8 %, 20.09.20 and 5.10.20, respectively by 2.5 and 2.4 %. Higher in pond 2, compared with pond 1, was the permanganate oxidation of water in all studied periods, but the largest difference was 5.07.2020 and amounted to 6.9 mg O/l. In the second half of July, permanganate oxidation of water was the lowest, but was at the upper limit of normal, then in August increased sharply and was highest in October – 26.3 mg O/l in the pond 1 and 26.5 mg O/l in the pond 2. Dichromatic oxidation of water of the studied ponds was during the experiment in pond 2 slightly higher than normal and ranged from 50.5 (5.06.2020) to 57.9 (5.07.2020) mg O/l and only 20.07.2020 it was the lowest and was 34.2 mg O/l. In pond 1, the dichromate oxidation of water at the beginning of the experiment was 52 mg O/l, gradually decreased and 20.06.2020, was 46 mg O/l, in July, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) increased sharply to 63.6 and also decreased sharply up to 40.5 mg O/l. From 05.08.2020, COD rose by 27.8 % above normal, remained at approximately the same level during September and decreased to 62 mg O/l in early October. The content of free ammonia in the water during the whole period of fish farming exceeded the norm from 2.6 to 5 times, and the highest, except for 20.06.2020, it was in pond 2. The highest difference in ammonia content in the water of the studied ponds was 5.07.2020 and 5.10.2020, and was, respectively, 0.1 and 0.08 mg N/l. The content of ammonium nitrogen and mineral phosphorus in the water of the studied ponds exceeded the norm, and the nitrogen content of nitrates and nitrites was within the norm. In pond water, the concentration of Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, CO32-, HCO3-, SO42-, Cl-did not exceed the norm. was 5.07.2020, and was 1.20 mg/dm³, which is higher than the norm by 20 %. The total hardness and mineralization of water in the studied ponds did not exceed the norm.


Arsan, O. M., Davydov, O. A., Diachenko, T. M. ta in. (2006). Metody hidroekolohichnykh doslidzhen poverkh-nevykh vod. Za redaktsiieiu Romanenka V. D. NAN Ukrainy. In-t hidrobiolohii. K.: LOHOS (in Ukrainian).

Hryhorenko, T. V., Postoienko, D. M., Shumyhai, I. V., Dobrianska, O. P., & Bazaieva, A. M. (2019). Ekolohichnyi stan rybnytskykh staviv za vyroshchuvannia populiatsii antoninsko-zozulenetskoi porody koropa. Ahroekolohichnyi zhurnal, 4, 65–73. doi: 10.33730/2077-4893.4.2019.189460 (in Ukrainian).

Hrynevych, N. Ie., Dyman, T. M., & Kukhtyn, M. D. (2018). Vykorystannia riznykh typiv napovniuvacha biofiltra dlia zabezpechennia sanitarno-hihiienichnykh umov vidtvorennia ta vyroshchuvan-nia raiduzhnoi foreli v systemi zamknutoho vodopostachannia [The use of different types of bio-filter filler to ensure sanitary and hygienic conditions for reproduction and cultivation of rainbow trout in a closed water supply system]: metodychni rek-omendatsii. Bila Tserkva (in Ukrainian).

Hrynevych, N. Ie., Khomiak, O. A., Prysiazhniuk, N. M., & Mykhalskyi, O. R. (2019). Analiz hidrotekhnolo-hichnoi skladovoi industrialnykh akvaferm za zamknutoho vodopostachannia [Analysis of a hydro-technological component of industrial aquaferms for a closed water supply]. Vodni bioresursy ta akvakultura: naukovyi zhurnal, 2, 59–76. doi: 10.32851/wba.2019.2.5 (in Ukrainian).

Kofonov, K., Potrokhov, О., Hrynevych, N., Zinkovskyi, O., Khomiak, O., Dunaievska, O., Rud, O., Kutsocon, L., Chemerys, V., Gutyj, B., Fijalovych, L., Vavrysevych, J., Todoriuk, V., Leskiv, K., Husar, P., & Khumynets, P. (2020). Changes in the biochemical status of common carp juveniles (Cyprinus carpio L.) exposed to ammonium chloride and potassium phos-phate. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(4), 137–147. doi: 10.15421/2020_181.

Korwin-Kossakowski, I. M. (2008). The Influence of temperature during the embryonic period on larval growth and development in carp, Cyprinus Carpio L., and Grass Carp, Ctenopharyngodon Idella (Val.). Theoretical and Practical Aspects Department of Pond Fisheries. Archives of Polish Fisheries, 16(3), 231–314.

Kovács, L., Minya, D., & Homoki, D. (2020). Eff ect of diff erent water temperatures on sex ratio, gonad development and production parameters of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Aquaculture Research, 51(2), 858–862. doi: 10.1111/are.14407.

McDonnell, L. H., & Chapman, L. J. (2015). At the edge of the thermal window: eff ects of elevated temperature on the resting metabolism, hypoxia tolerance and upper critical thermal limit of a widespread African cichlid. Conserv Physiol, 3. doi: 10.1093/conphys/cov050.

Strauch, S. M., Bahr, J., Baßmann, B., Bischoff, A. A., Oster, M., Wasenitz, B., & Palm, H. W. (2019). Effects of Ortho-Phosphate on Growth Performance, Welfare and Product Quality of Juvenile African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Fishes, 4(1), 3. doi: 10.3390/fishes4010003.

Vodianitskiy, O. M., Potrokhov, O. S., & Zinkovskiy, O. G. (2017). Embryonic and Early Postembryonic Devel-opment of Carp and Activity of Enzymes of the En-ergy and Plastic Metabolism under Impact of Water Temperature Fluctuations. Hydrob. J., 53(1), 78–86. doi: 10.1615/HydrobJ.v53.i1.80.

Vodianitskyi, O. M., Potrokhov, O. S., & Zinkovskyi, O. H. (2015). Vplyv kolyvan temperaturnoho rezhymu vodoimy na embrionalnyi rozvytok biloho tovstolobyka [The eff ect of fl uctuations in the temperature of the reservoir on the embryonic development of the white silver carp]. Rybohospodarska nauka Ukrainy, 1, 96–107. doi: 10.15407/fsu2015.01.096 (in Ukrainian).

Vodianitskyi, O. M., Potrokhov, O. S., Zinkovskyi, O. H., & Prychepa, M. V. (2017). Zmina aktyvnosti Na+/K+-ATFazy v embrionakh koropovykh ryb za dii riznoho temperaturnoho ta kysnevoho rezhymu vodoim. Visnyk Lvivskoho universytetu. Seriia biolohichna, 75, 14–22. doi: 10.30970/vlubs.2017.75.02 (in Ukrainian).

Vodianitskyi, O., Potrokhov, О., Hrynevych, N., Khomiak, O., Khudiyash, Y., Prysiazhniuk, N., Rud, O., Sliusarenko, A., Zagoruy, L., Gutyj, B., Dushka, V., Maxym, V., Dadak, O., & Liublin, V. (2020). Effect of reserviour temperature and oxygen conditions on the activity of Na-K pump in embrios and larvae of perch, roach, and ruffe. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(2), 184–189. doi: 10.15421/2020_83.

Vodianitskyi, О. М., Hrynevych, N. Je., Khomiak, О. А., & Prysiazhniuk, N. М. (2020) Vplyv fizychnykh pokaznykiv vody na kilkist mikroiader u klitynakh embrioniv khyzhykh vydiv ryb [Influence of physical parameters of water on the number of micronuclei in embryonic cells of predatory fish species]. Tekhnolohiia vyrobnytstva i pererobky produktsii tvarynnytstva: zbirnyk naukovykh prats. Bila Tserkva, 1(156), 142–149. doi: 10.33245/2310-9270-2020-157-1-142-149 (in Ukrainian).

Wellman, S., Kidd, K. A., Podemski, C. L., Blanchfield, P. J., & Paterson, M. J. (2017). Incorporation of wastes by native species during and after an experimental aquaculture operation. Freshwater Science, 36(2), 387–401. URL: 10.1086/692028.

Wurtsbaugh, W. A., Paerl, H. W., & Dodds, W. K. (2019). Nutrients, eutrophication and harmful algal blooms along the freshwater to marine continuum. Wiley In-terdisciplinary Reviews: Water, 6(5), e1373. doi: 10.1002/wat2.1373.

Yang, L. J., Waples R. S., & Baskett M. L. (2019). Life history and temporal variability of escape events in-teractively determine the fitness consequences of aq-uaculture escapees on wild populations. Theoretical Population Biology, 129, 93–102. doi: 10.1016/j.tpb.2018.12.006.

Abstract views: 82
PDF Downloads: 84
How to Cite
Grynevych, N., Sliusarenko, A., Khomiak, O., Svitelskyi, M., & Semaniuk, N. (2021). Monitoring of the main parameters of pond water in order to obtain safe products for joint cultivation of sturgeon and carp fish. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 23(94), 73-80.