Functional adaptation of Quercus robur L. and Cercidiphyllum japonicum Siebold et Zucc. in the urban landscapes of Lviv

  • P. S. Hnativ Lviv National Agrarian University, Lviv, Ukraine
  • B. V. Gutyj Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine
  • G. A. Lysak Lviv National Agrarian University, Lviv, Ukraine
  • N. Y. Lopotuch Lviv National Agrarian University, Lviv, Ukraine
  • R. S. Shkumbatyk Lviv National Agrarian University, Lviv, Ukraine
Keywords: soil, heavy metals, assimilation, adaptation of plants, greening the city


The general trends in the purity changes of the environment in connection with the urbanistic technogenesis were analyzed on the example of the largest city of Western Ukraine – Lviv – and its outskirts, Dublyany. The characteristic changes of some parameters of the main environmental factors – transformed ecosystems, including biogeochemical properties of edaphotope and pollution by heavy metals are described. Urbanization leads to a tendency of parkerising, alkalinization and significant measure of green zone soil contamination with heavy metals. The increase of the complex pressure of urban anthropogenic environment on vegetation is revealed and current changes of the chemical composition of dry matter of leaves of trees in terms of heavy metal content and structure-energy metabolites are analyzed. A significant accumulation of some chemical elements in the assimilation system of Quercus robur L. and Cercidiphyllum japonicum Siebold et Zucc. was found, their species-specific features of ash accumulative ability were revealed. Cercidiphyllum japonicum is proved to be a promising and effective, in terms of cleaning the environment from man-made pollution, decorative plant in the green belt of cities in the regions of Roztochchia and Pasmove Pobuzhya. Under the influence of edaphotope transformation and pollution in the assimilation bodies of woody plants some structural and metabolic changes occur to adapt to the new to their species environment. Oak as autochthonous species, has signs of stability of the metabolic system of assimilation to the urban genic changes. Cercidiphyllum’s structure demonstrates plasticity of dry matter of leaves, designed to adapt to the new environment acclimatization of exotic species, and thus performs an effective metal storage function in a green area of the city.


Hnativ, P. S. (2012). An euthrophication of transformation ecotopes by the indexes of nitric and phosphoric feed of arboreal plants. Forestry and landscape gardening, 2.

Hnativ, P. S. (2014). Funkcional’na diagnostyka v dendroekologii [Functional diagnosis in dendroecology]. Lviv (in Ukrainian).

Hnativ, P. S., Balkovskyy, V. V., Lopotych, N. Y., & Datsko, T. M. (2019). Technological and urban systems: methodological approaches to the assessment of the condition of urbanized environment. Scientific Bulletin of UNFU, 29(5), 82–87. doi: 10.15421/40290516.

Jevsieieva, M. V., Zvuzdecka, N. S., & Panchenko, T. I. (2011). Ekologichna bezpeka gruntiv prydorozhnoii zony za vmistom spoluk svynciu [Environmental safety zone roadside soil on the content of lead compounds]. Collection of the scientific articles of “ІІІ of Allukrainian convention of environmentalists with international participation”, 2, 622–624. URL: (in Ukrainian).

Korshykov, I. I., & Gnativ, P. S. (2003). Urbotehnogenne seredovysche jak integral’nyj chynnyk prystosuvannia roslyn [Urbotechnogenic environment as an integral factor in adaptation of plants]. Industrial ecology, 3, 78–82 (in Ukrainian).

Korshykov, Yu. Yu. (1996). Adaptaciya rastenij k usloviyam technogenno zagryaznennoj sredu [Adaptation of plants to the terms of technogenic muddy environment]. Scientific thought (in Ukrainian).

Kucherjavyj, S. V. (2003). Vulychni nasadzhennia v systemi ozelenennia Lvova i ekologichni osoblyvosti jih rozvytku [Street spaces are already greening in Lviv and ecological features of their development]. Sciences announcer of Ukrainian SFЕU, 11(5), 323–326. URL: 72.pdf (in Ukrainian).

Metodicheskie ukazaniya po opredeleniyu tyazheluch metallov v pochvax sel`choz ugodij i produkcii rastenievodstva (1992). [Methodical pointing on determination of heavy metals in soils of farm lands and products of plant-grower]. Moscow (in Russian).

Mirzak, O. V. (2002). Ekologichni osoblyvosti edafotopiv urbanizovanyh terytorij stepovoji zony Ukrajiny (na prykladi mista Dnipropetrovs'ka) [Environmental features edafotops urban areas steppe zone of Ukraine (on the example of Dnepropetrovsk)]. Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukrainian).

Pochynok, Kh. М. (1976). Metody biochimicheskogo analiza rasteni. [Methods of biochemical analysis ofplants]. Sciences thinking, 5–77 (in Russian).

Voloschyns’ka, S. S. (2012). Vazhki metaly v gruntah urboekosystemy m. Kovelia [Heavy metals in soils urboecosystem c. Kovel]. Scientific announcer of the Chernivtsi university. Biology (Biological systems), 4(2), 145–148. URL: files/vb/BS_T4_V2_2012/4_C_145-148_Volojynska.pdf (in Ukrainian).

Abstract views: 114
PDF Downloads: 74
How to Cite
Hnativ, P., Gutyj, B., Lysak, G., Lopotuch, N., & Shkumbatyk, R. (2021). Functional adaptation of Quercus robur L. and Cercidiphyllum japonicum Siebold et Zucc. in the urban landscapes of Lviv. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 23(94), 93-99.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>