Influence of light wavelength on viability and reproductive function of hens

Keywords: laying hens, egg-laying, preservation, live weight, light wavelength, light color


The article presents the results of influence of monochrome light with different light wavelengths on the hens’ viability and productivity. For this purpose, in the conditions of a modern complex for production of food eggs in a poultry house with an area of 2915 m2, 4 groups of hens of the industrial herd “Hy-Line W-36” were formed, each of which was kept in a separate poultry house similar in area and cage equipment. Each poultry house was equipped with “Big Dutchman” cage batteries, consisting of 1176 cages with an area of 40544 cm2. The differences between the poultry houses applied only to LED lamps. Hens of the 1st group were kept using LED lamps with a peak light wavelength of 458 nm (blue color of the spectrum), the 2nd group – 603 nm (yellow color of the spectrum), the 3rd group – 632 nm (orange color of the spectrum) and 4 groups – 653 nm (red color of the spectrum). Every day, for 34 weeks of the productive period (up to 52 weeks of age), the number of eggs laid by the laying hens of each group was determined. The number of hatched hens (due to death and culling) was also counted daily and the number of livestock was determined. Once a week, the weight of eggs and live weight of laying hens were measured from certain labeled cages. It was found that the reduction of the wavelength of light during the keeping of hens in the cages of multi-tiered batteries affects their viability and reproductive function. The decrease in the peak wavelength from 653 to 632 nm, which was manifested by a change in the color of light from red to orange, was accompanied by a decrease in the preservation by 0.3 %, body weight – by 0.8 %, egg laying on the initial laying – by 3.1 %, egg-laying per average laying hen – by 2.8 % and feed costs – by 0.2 %. The decrease in the peak wavelength to 603 nm, that is the change in the color of light from red and orange to yellow, was accompanied by a decrease in the preservation by 6.4–6.7 %, body weight – by 0.5–1.3 %, egg production by initial laying hen – by 7.1–10.0 %, laying hens on the average laying hen – by 0.4–3.2 % and feed costs – by 2.0–2.1 %. The decrease in the peak wavelength to 458 nm, that is the change in light color from red, orange and yellow to blue, was accompanied by a decrease in the preservation by 3.2–9.9 %, body weight – by 5.2–6.5 %, laying hens per initial laying hen – by 6.4–15.8 %, laying hens per middle laying hen – by 2.9–6.0 % and feed costs – by 1.0–3.1 %.


Borille, R., Garcia, R. G., Nааs, I. A., Caldara, R. F., & Santana, M. R. (2015). Monochromatic lightemitting diode (LED) source in layers hens during the second production cycle. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 19(9), 877–881. doi: 10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v19n9p877-881.

Borille, R., Garcia, R. G., Royer, A. F. B., Santana, M. R., Colet, S., Naas, I. A., Caldara, F. R., Almeida, Paz I. C. L., Rosa, E. S., & Castilho, V. A. R. (2013). The use of light-emitting diodes (LED) in commercial layer production. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 15(2), 135–140. doi:10.1590/S1516-635X2013000200009.

Gongruttananun, N. (2011). Influence of red light on reproductive performance, eggshell ultrastructure, and eye morphology in Thainative hens. Poultry science, 90, 2855–2863. doi: 10.3382/ps.2011-01652.

Er, D., Wang, Z., Cao, J., Chen, Y. (2007). Effect of monochromatic light on the egg quality of laying hens. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 16(4), 605–612. doi: 10.3382/japr.2006-00096.

Hassan, M. R., Sultana, S., Choe, H. S., & Ryu, K. S. (2013). Effect of monochromatic and combined light colour on performance, blood parameters, ovarian morphology and reproductive hormones in laying hens. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 12(3), 359–364. doi: 10.4081/ijas.2013.e56.

Hy-Line W-36 Final Hybrid Content Guide (2019). URL:

Huber-Eicher, B., Suter, A., & Spring-Stähli, P. (2013). Effects of colored light-emitting diode illumination on behavior and performance of laying hens. Poultry science, 92, 869–873. doi: 10.3382/ps.2012-02679.

Kim, M. J., Choi, H. C., & Suh, O. S. (2010). A study of different sources and wavelengths of light on laying egg characteristics in laying hens. Korean Journal of Poultry Science, 37, 383–388. doi: 10.5536/kjps.2010.37.4.383.

Lewis, P. D., Caston, L., & Leeson, S. (2007). Green light during rearing does not significantly affect the performance of egg-type pullets in the laying phase. Poultry Science, 86, 739–743. doi: 10.1093/ps/86.4.739.

Li, G., Li, B., Zhao, Y., Shi, Z., Liu, Y., & Zheng, W. (2019). Layer pullet preferences for light colors of light-emitting diodes. Animal, 13(6), 1245–1251. doi: 10.1017/S1751731118002537.

Li, D. Y., Wu, N., Tu, J. B., Hu, Y. D., Yang, M. Y., Yin, H. D., Chen, B. L., Xu, H. L., Yao, Y. F., & Zhu, Q. (2015). Expression patterns of melatonin receptors in chicken ovarian follicles affected by monochromatic light. Genetics and Molecular Research, 14(3), 10072–10080. doi: 10.4238/2015.August.21.14.

Li, X., Zheng, Z., Pan, J., Jiang, D., Tian, Y., Fang, L., & Huang, Y. (2020). Impacts of colored light-emitting diode illumination on the growth performance and fecal microbiota in goose. Poultry science, 99(4), 1805–1812. doi: 10.1016/j.psj.2019.12.034.

Manser, C. E. (1996). Effects of lighting on the welfare of domesticpoultry: a review. Animal Welfare, 5(4), 341–360. URL: ufaw/aw/1996/00000005/00000004/art00002.

Mobarkey, N., Avital, N., Heiblum, R., & Rozenboim, I. (2010). The role of retinal and extra-retinal photostimulation in reproductive activity in broiler breeder hens. Domestic Animal Endocrinology, 38, 235–243. doi: 10.1016/j.domaniend.2009.11.002.

Min, J. K., Hossan, M. S., Nazma, A., Jae, C. N., Han, T. B., Hwan, K. K., Dong, W. K., Hyun, S. C., Hee, C. C., Ok, S. S. (2012). Effect of monochromatic light on sexual maturity, production performance and egg quality of laying hens. Avian Biology Research, 5, 69–74. doi: 10.3184/175815512X13350270679453.

Mudhar, A. S., & Tabeekh, A. (2016). The effect of color light and stocking density on some enzymes and hormones of broilers and layers. Mirror of Research in Veterinary Sciences and Animals, 5(1), 25–37. doi: 10.5923/j.zoology.20160602.02.

Patel, S. J., Patel, A. S., Patel, M. D., & Patel, J. H. (2016). Significance of light in poultry production: a review. Advancements in Life Sciences, 5, 1154–1160. URL:

Prayitno, D. S., Phillips, C. J. C., & Omed, H. (1997). The effects of color of lighting on the behavior and production of meat chickens. Poultry science, 76, 452–457. doi: 10.1093/ps/76.3.452.

Prescott, N. B., & Wathes, C. M. (1999). Spectral sensitivity of domestic fowl (Gallus g. domesticus). British Poultry Science, 40, 332–339. doi: 10.1080/00071669987412.

Renema, R. A., Robinson, F. E., Feddes, J. J. R., Fasenko, G. M., & Zuidhof, M. J. (2001). Effects of light intensity from photostimulation in four strains of commercial egg layers: 2. Egg production parameters. Poultry science, 80, 1121–1131. doi: 10.1093/ps/80.8.1121.

Rozenboim, I., Biran, I., Uni, Z., Robinzon, B., & Halevy, O. (1999). The effect of monochromatic light on broiler growth and development. Poultry science, 78, 135–138. doi: 10.1093/ps/78.1.135.

Rozenboim, I., Zilberman, E., & Gvaryahu, G. (1999). New monochromatic light source for laying hens. Poultry Science, 77, 1695–1698. doi: 10.1093/ps/77.11.1695.

Shi, H., Li, B., Tong, Q., Zheng, W., Zeng, D., & Feng, G. (2019). Effects of LED Light Color and Intensity on Feather Pecking and Fear Responses of Layer Breeders in Natural Mating Colony Cages. Animals: an open access journal from MDPI, 9(10), 814. doi: 10.3390/ani9100814.

Sultana, S., Hassan, M. R., Choe, H. S., Kang, M. I., & Ryu, K. S. (2013). Effect of various LED light color on the behavior and stress response of laying hens. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 83, 829–833.

Svobodova, J., Tumova, E., Popelarova, E., & Chodova, D. (2015). Effect of light colour on egg production and egg contamination. Czech Journal of Animal Science, 60, 550–556. doi: 10.17221/8597-CJAS.

Yang, Y., Yu, Y., Pan, J., Ying, Y., & Zhou, H. (2016). A new method to manipulate broiler chicken growth and metabolism: Response to mixed LED light system. Scientific Reports, 6, 25972. doi: 10.1038/srep25972.

Yenilmez, L. F., Saber, S. N., Serbester, U., & Celik, L. (2021). Effects of monochromatic light on perfor-mance, egg quality, yolk cholesterol and blood bio-chemical profile of laying hens. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 31(1), 46–52. doi: 10.36899/JAPS.2021.1.0191.

Zhang, X., Hongqing, X. U., Monan, L. I., Hongmei, X. U., Muqing, L. I. U. (2017). Effects of different monochromatic light of LED on the growth performance of Jinmao broilers and egg laying performance of Jinmao breeders. Journal of Science and Technology in Lighting, 41, 143–147. doi: 10.2150/JSTL.IEIJ160000592.

Abstract views: 59
PDF Downloads: 33
How to Cite
Osadcha, Y., & Sakhatsky, G. (2021). Influence of light wavelength on viability and reproductive function of hens. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 23(95), 76-81.