Influence of early spring feeding on the development of bee families in the natural lands of Polissya

Keywords: sugar-honey dough, the strength of the bee colony, the number of brood, egg production of the uterus.


To ensure intensive early spring development of bee colonies in the natural lands of Polissya Zhytomyr region in the winter-spring period it is necessary to feed stimulating food. Therefore, the aim of the work is to study the influence of spring feeding with sugar-honey dough on the development and honey productivity of bee families of Ukrainian breed in conditions of clean and radioactively contaminated natural lands of Zhytomyr Polissya. The influence of feeding bee colonies with sugar-honey dough (powdered sugar, centrifuged honey, water) using pure and radioactively contaminated honey on the intensity of development and honey productivity was studied. To do this, two groups were created with experimental families of Ukrainian bee breeds, selected on the principle of analogs, one of which was in a radioactively clean area, and the other in radioactively contaminated soils 137 Cs within 15 Ki/km² and above. A comparative assessment of the early spring development of families was made: from March 16 to May 20, with an interval of 21 days, the number of open and sealed brood, egg production of queens during the honey harvest season was determined. Honey productivity at the honey harvest from natural lands was determined by the amount of honey obtained in spring and summer. Early spring feeding with sugar-honey dough promotes intensive development of families, and the content of radioactively contaminated honey does not have a negative impact on their development. After the end of the season of honey collection from natural lands, bee families of Ukrainian breed, both in the radioactively contaminated and clean zone, had a medium strength and could successfully overwinter.


Abdulaziz, S. (2020). Differential Foraging of Indigenous and Exotic Honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) Races on Nectar-Rich Flow in a Subtropical Ecosystem King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.Insects, 11(4), 254. doi: 10.3390/insects11040254.

Andjelkovic, B, Jevtic, G, Mladenovic, M, & Petrovic, M. (2011). Influence of spring feed on the strength of honey bee colonies during spring developmen. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 27(4), 1757–1760. doi: 10.2298/BAH1104757A.

Borst, P. L. (2012). The History of Bee Breeding. Am Bee J., 152(7), 679–683.

Brodschneider, R., & Crailsheim, K. (2010). Nutrition and health in honey bees. Apidologie, 41, 278–294. doi: 10.1051/apido/2010012.

Brovarskyi, V. D., & Bahrii, I. H. (1995). Rozvedennia ta utrymannia bdzhil. Kyiv: Urozhai (in Ukrainian).

Brovarsʹkyy, V. D. (2017). Metodyka doslidzhenʹu bdzhilʹnytstvi. Kyyiv (in Ukrainian).

Byelʹsʹka, O. V. (2020). Suchasni problemy funktsionuvannya Polisʹkoho pryrodnoho zapovidnyka v umovakh zminy klimatu. Zhytomyr (in Ukrainian).

Di Pasquale, G., Salignon, M., Le Conte, Y., Belzunces, L. P., Decourtye A., Kretzschmar, A., & Alaux, C. (2013). Influence of pollen nutrition on honey bee health: Do pollen quality and diversity matter? PLoS ONE, 8(8), e72016. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072016.

Khoury, D. S., Barron, A. B., & Myerscough, M. R. (2013). Modelling Food and Population Dynamics in Honey Bee Colonies. PLoS ONE, 8(5), e59084. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059084.

Mattila, H., & Otis, G. (2006). Influence of pollen diet in spring on development of honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies J Econ Entomol., 99(3), 604–613. doi: 10.1603/0022-0493-99.3.604.

Pankiw, T., Tarpy, D. R., Page, R. E. (2002). Genotype and rearing environment affect honeybee perception and foraging behaviour. Anim. Behav, 64(4), 663–672. doi: 10.1006/anbe.2002.3096.

Papchenko, O. V. (2013). Rozvytok bdzholynykh simey za riznykh sposobiv yikh utrymannya v umovakh produktyvnykh medozboriv. Visnyk Luhansʹkoho natsionalʹnoho ahrarnoho universytetu: nauk.-teor. zb., 18(2(31), 119–123 (in Ukrainian).

Plohinskij, N. A. (1969). Rukovodstvo po biometrii dlja zootehnikov. M.: Kolos, 25–27 (in Russian).

Polishchuk, V. (2014). Vplyv bdzholynykh matok rizno-ho viku na rozvytok i produktyvnistʹ bdzholynykh simey .Tvarynnytstvo Ukrayiny, 2, 7–10 (in Ukrainian).

Polishchuk, V. P. (2001). Bdzhilʹnytstvo. Kyyiv. Vyshcha shkola (in Ukrainian).

Puškadija, Z., Biber, L., & Kovačić, M. (2017). Late win-ter feeding stimulates rapid spring development of carniolan honey bee colonies. Apis Mellifera carnica Poljoprivreda, 23(2),73–76. doi: 10.18047/poljo.23.2.11.

Sichenko, О. М., Kryvyi, М. М., & Dikhtiar О. O. (2021). Comparative evaluation of honey stok of natural phytocenoses for bee families of Ukrainian Polisya. Bulletin of Sumy National Agrarian University. The series: Livestock, 3(46), 84–89. doi: 10.32845/bsnau.lvst.2021.3.11 (in Ukrainian).

Verbelʹchuk, S. P., Kryvyy, M. M., Vasenkov, H. I., Verbelʹchuk, T. V., & Dikhtyar, O. O. (2017). Biotsenozy lisu ta yikh medova produktyvnistʹ na Polissi Zhytomyrshchyny. Ahrarna nauka ta kharchovi tekhnolohiyi, (3), 129–140 (in Ukrainian).

Abstract views: 52
PDF Downloads: 35
How to Cite
Sichenko, O. (2021). Influence of early spring feeding on the development of bee families in the natural lands of Polissya. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 23(95), 136-140.