Selection traits of cows of different lines of Ukrainian black-and-white dairy breed


Keywords: breed, line, live weight, reproductive capacity, milk productivity, the strength of influence

Abstract

Linear farm animal breeding is an effective method of improving and consolidating breeds in purebred breeding, which contributes to forming an orderly genealogical structure of the breed. Further improvement and consolidation of economically valuable traits of breeds based on selection and selection are impossible without Linear breeding. Therefore, our work aimed to investigate the variability of breeding traits in cows of the Ukrainian Black-and-White dairy breed depending on the lineage. The research was conducted in the Vinnytsia region's State Enterprise “Alexandrovske” on firstborn and adult (III lactation) cows. Groups of animals belonging to different lines were formed to study the influence of linear affiliation on the variability of breeding traits of cows. Lines to which at least three breeding bulls belonged and with at least ten daughters were taken into account, with at least three daughters from one bull. In the control group of cows by retrospective analysis of zootechnical accounting data over the past ten years studying the dynamics of live weight during rearing at a young age (newborns, 6, 12, and 18 months), reproductive capacity (age and live weight at first calving, duration of first service period), milk productivity (yields, fat content in milk and the amount of milk fat). It was found that the economically functional traits of cows depended on their linear affiliation. The highest live weight of newborns and at the age of 18 months, the average daily gain at the age of 6–12; 12–18, and 0–18 months, the most extended service period after the first calving, and the highest milk yields and milk fat yield for the third lactation were characterized by animals of Eleveishn 1491007, live weight at six months – H. T. S. Khaneve line 1629391, at 12 months – Starbuck line 352790, average daily increments from birth to 6 months of age – line H. T. S. Khaneve 1629391. The last one was also marked by the highest live weight, the oldest age at first calving, and the shortest duration of the first service period. The lowest live weight and the youngest age at the first calving and the highest yields and milk fat yield for the first lactation were observed in the firstborn of the Chif 1427381 line. Depending on lactation, the strength of the line's influence on yields was in the range of 7.2–12.6 %, fat – in the range of 7.9–12.0 % at P < 0.01–0.001. Linear affiliation significantly (P < 0.01) affected the fat content in milk during the first lactation, and for the third lactation, the effect was incredible.

References

Bashchenko, M. I., & Khmelnychyi L. M. (2005). Vahovi ta liniini parametry eksterieru telyts ukrainskoi chervono-riaboi molochnoi porody [Weight and linear parameters of an exterior heifer the Ukrainian red-and-white dairy breed]. Rozvedennia i henetyka tvaryn, 39, 41–47 (in Ukrainian).

Bashchenko, M. I., Boiko, O. V., Honchar, O. F., Sotnichenko, Yu. M., Tkach, Ye. F., Gavrysh, O. M., Nebylytsja, M. S., Lesyk, Ya. V., & Gutyj, B. V. (2021). The cow's calving in the selection of bull-breeder in Monbeliard, Norwegian Red and Holstine breed. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 11(2), 236–240. DOI: 10.15421/2021_105.

Dhakal, K., Maltecca, C., Cassady, J. P., Baloche, G., Williams, C. M., & Washburn, S. P. (2013). Calf birth weight, gestation length, calving ease, and neonatal calf mortality in Holstein, Jersey, and crossbred cows in a pasture system. J. Dairy Sci, 96, 690–698. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2012-5817.

Dobson, H., Smith, R. F., Royal, M. D., Knight, C. H., & Sheldon, I. M. (2007). The high producing dairy cow and its reproductive performance. Reprod. Domest. Anim, 42(2), 17–23. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0531.2007.00906.x.

Fedorovych, E. I., Fedorovych, V. V., Semchuk, I. Y., Fedak, N. M., Ferenents, L. V., Mazur, N. P., Bodnar, P. V., Kuziv, M. I., Fedorovych, O. V., Orihivskyi, T. V., Gutyj, B. V., Slusar, M. V., Petriv, M. D., & Fyl, S. I. (2021). Genetic potential and breeding value of animals – an essential component of the genetic progress in dairy cattle. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 11(2), 306–312. DOI: 10.15421/2021_115.

Fedorovych, V. V., Fedorovych, Ye. I., Babik, N. P. & Oseredchuk, R. S., (2016). Produktyvni yakosti tvaryn riznykh porid velykoi rohatoi khudoby [Productive qualities of animals of different breeds of cattle]. Rozvedennia i henetyka tvaryn, 51, 160–169. DOI: 10.31073/abg.51.22 (in Ukrainian).

Fyl, S. I., Fedorovych, E. I., & Bodnar, P. V. (2019). Dynamika molochnoi produktyvnosti koriv riznykh linii [Dynamics of dairy productivity of cows of dif-ferent lines]. Rozvedennia i henetyka tvaryn, 57, 136–142. DOI: 10.31073/abg.57.16 (in Ukrainian).

Gladiy, M. V., Polupan, Yu. P., Bazyshina, I. V., Bezrutchenko, I. M. & Polupan N. L. (2014) Vplyv henetychnykh ta paratypovykh chynnykiv na hospodarsky korysni oznaky koriv. [The influence of genetic and paratypic factors on the economic useful traits of cows]. Rozvedennia i henetyka tvaryn, 48, 48–61 (in Ukrainian).

Khmelnychyi, L. M. (2007). Otsinka eksterieru v systemi selektsii molochnoi khudoby. Monohrafiia [Estimation of an-imal conformation in the breeding system of dairy cattle: monograph]. Sumy: VVP “Mri-ia-1” (in Ukrainian).

Khmelnychyi, L. M. (2013) Fenotypova konsolidatsiia koriv ukrainskoi chervono-riaboi molochnoi porody riznykh linii za eksteriernym typom [Phenotypic con-solidation of Ukrainian Red-and-White dairy cows of different lines by conformation type]. Visnyk Sumskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Se-riia “Tvarynnytstvo”, 1, 5–9 (in Ukrainian).

Kochuk-Yashchenko, O. A., Kucher, D. M., Lobodzinskyi, V. S., & Holiak, V. I. (2021). Hospodarsky korysni oznaky koriv symentalskoi porody riznykh linii v umovakh orhanichnoho vyrobnytstva [Economic useful features of Simental breed cows of different linears in conditions of organic production]. Visnyk Sumskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu. Se-riia “Tvarynnytstvo”, 2(45), 88–95. DOI: 10.32845/bsnau.lvst.2021.2.13 (in Ukrainian).

Kuziv, M. I. (2017). Vplyv henealohichnykh formuvan na molochnu produktyvnist koriv ukrainskoi chorno-riaboi molochnoi porody. [The impact of genealogical structure on the milk production of cows Ukrainian black and white dairy cattle]. Ahrarna nauka ta khar-chovi tekhnolohii, 3(97), 152–157 (in Ukrainian).

Lakyn, H. F. (1990). Byometryia [Biometrics]. Moskva: Vysshaia shkola (in Russian).

Mazur, N. P., Fedorovych, V. V., Fedorovych, E. I., Fedo-rovych, O. V., Bodnar, P. V., Gutyj, B.V., Kuziv, M.I., Kuziv, N.M., Orikhivskyi, T.V., Grabovska, O.S., Den-ys, H. H., Stakhiv, N. P., Hudyma, V. Yu., & Pakholkiv, N. I. (2020). Effect of morphological and biochemical blood composition on milk yield in Sim-mental breed cows of different production types. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(2), 61–67. DOI: 10.15421/2020_110.

Mylostyvyi, R., Lesnovskay, O., Karlova, L., Khmeleva, O., Кalinichenko, O., Orishchuk, O., Tsap, S., Begma, N., Cherniy, N., Gutyj, B., & Izhboldina, O. (2021). Brown Swiss cows are more heat resistant than Holstein cows under hot summer conditions of the continental climate of Ukraine. J Anim Behav Biometeorol, 9(4), 2134. DOI: 10.31893/jabb.21034.

Mylostyvyi, R., Sejian, V., Izhboldina, O., Kalinichenko, O., Karlova, L., Lesnovskay, O., Begma, N., Maren-kov, O., Lykhach, V., Midyk, S., Cherniy, N., Gutyj, B., & Hoffmann, G. (2021). Changes in the Spectrum of Free Fatty Acids in Blood Serum of Dairy Cows during a Prolonged Summer Heat Wave. Animals, 11(12), 3391. DOI: 10.3390/ani11123391.

Petrenko, I. P., Zubecz, M. V., Vinnychuk, D. T., & Petrenko, A. P. (1997). Genetyko-populyacijni pro-cesy pry rozvedenni tvaryn [Genetic and population processes in animal breeding]. Kyiv (in Ukrainian).

Piddubna, L. (2014). Vplyv henotypovykh ta paratypovykh faktoriv na molochnu produktyvnist ukrainskoi chorno-riaboi molochnoi khudoby [Degree of influence of genotype and paratype factors on milk productivity characteristics of Ukrainian black-and-white dairy breed]. Tvarynnytstvo Ukrainy, 3-4, 11–14 (in Ukrainian).

Piddubna, L. M., & Zakharchuk, D. V. (2013). Molochna produktyvnist i vidtvorna zdatnist koriv-pervistok ukrainskoi chorno-riaboi molochnoi porody zalezhno vid zhyvoi masy ta viku otelennia [Milk productivity and reproductive ability of Ukrainian black-and-white dairy breed first-calf cows depending on the live weight and the age of calving]. Visnyk Zhytomyr-skoho natsionalnoho ahroekolohichnoho universyte-tu, 1(35/2), 141–148 (in Ukrainian).

Siriak, V. A., Polupan, Yu. P., & Stavetska, R. V. (2019). Kharakterystyka za rostom ta molochnoiu produktyvnistiu koriv napivsester za batkom [Char-acteristics of half-siblings cows’ by growth and milk productivity]. Tekhnolohiia vyrobnytstva i pererobky produktiv tvarynnytstva, 2(150), 33–42. DOI: 10.33245/2310-9289-2019-150-2-33-42 (in Ukraini-an).

Slivinska, L. G., Shcherbatyy, A. R., Lukashchuk, B. O., Zinko, H. O., Gutyj, B. V., Lychuk, M. G., Chernushkin, B. O., Leno, M. I., Prystupa, O. I., Leskiv, K. Y., Slepokura, O. I., Sobolev, O. I., Shkromada, O. I., Kysterna, O. S., & Мusiienko, O. V. (2019). Correction of indicators of erythrocytopoesis and microelement blood levels in cows under conditions of technogenic pollution. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 9(2), 127–135. URL: https://www.ujecology.com/articles/correction-of-indicators-of-erythrocytopoesis-and-microelement-blood-levels-in-cows-under-conditions-of-technogenic-poll.pdf.

Stavetska, R. V., & Rudyk, I. A. (2012). Vplyv henotypovykh faktoriv na vidtvorni pokaznyky koriv [Influence of genotype factors on reproducible indica-tors of cows]. Tekhnolohiia vyrobnytstva i pererobky produktsii tvarynnytstva: Zb. nauk. Prats: Bila Tserkva, 7(90), 39–43 (in Ukrainian).

Tytarenko, I. V., Bushtruk, M. V., & Starostenko, I. S. (2011). Vidtvorna zdatnist koriv zalezhno vid henealohichnoi nalezhnosti [The reproductive ability of cows depending on genealogical affiliation]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Vinnytskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu, 8(48), 74–77 (in Ukrainian).

Vandenplas, J., Bastin, C., Gengler, N., & Mulder, H. A. (2013). Genetic variance in micro-environmental sen-sitivity for milk and milk quality in Walloon Holstein cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 96(19), 5977–5990. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2012-6521.

Yao, C., Welgel, K. A., & Cole, J. B. (2014). Short com-munication: Genetic evaluation of stillbirth in US Brown Swiss and Jersey cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 97(4) 2474–2480. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2013-7320.

Abstract views: 7
PDF Downloads: 2
Published
2022-05-07
How to Cite
Fedorovych, Y., Kuziv, M., Melnyk, Y., Kuziv, N., & Fedorovych, V. (2022). Selection traits of cows of different lines of Ukrainian black-and-white dairy breed. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 24(96), 94-100. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet-a9612

Most read articles by the same author(s)