The state of the horse breeding industry and the evaluation of horses at the state enterprise dibrivka stud farm 62

Keywords: Dibrivka Stud Farm, grading, stallions, mares, population, keeping, feeding


Preservation of genetic resources of the horse breeding industry at the State Enterprise Dibrivka Stud Farm is currently relevant, as there is a reduction in the number of valuable breeds of horses and the destruction of their gene pool in Ukraine. The purpose of the work was to research the state of the horse breeding industry and to conduct a quality assessment of horses at State Enterprise Dibrivka Stud Farm 62, Dibrivka village, Myrhorod district, Poltava region, in order to establish effective operation of the enterprise. State Enterprise Dibrivka Stud Farm 62 breeds the Orlov Trotter, Russian Trotter and Novoolexandrian Draught breeds. It was observed that stallions and mares (their height at the withers, length of the body, chest circumference, cannon bone circumference) of the Orlov Trotter breed, Russian Trotter breed and Novoolexandrian Draught breed correspond to the elite class and mostly predominates it in breeding value and economic purpose of stallions and breeding mares at the horse farm. At State Enterprise Dibrivka Stud Farm 62 the population of stallions and mares received a high rating by the main points (origin, type, exterior, and measurements); it was 5.5–9. It indicates a high genetic potential of the herd and a purposeful breeding work with it. It is necessary to improve the feeding of horses (increase the supply of good quality hay, concentrated feed, diversify the diet of breeding stallions, improve the condition of pastures) in order to use the genetic potential of animals effectively.


Al Abri, M. A., Brooks, S. A., Al-Saqri, N., Alkharousi, K., Johnson, E. H., Alqaisi, O., Al-Rawahi, A., & Al Mar-zooqi, W. (2021). Investigating the population structure and genetic diversity of Arabian horses in Oman using SNP markers. Anim Genet, 52(3), 304–310. DOI: 10.1111/age.13056.

Clayton, H. M. (2016). Core Training and Rehabilitation in Horses. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract, 32(1), 49–71. DOI: 10.1016/j.cveq.2015.12.009.

Denny, D. J. B. (2017). Extreme breedingin horses. Vet Rec, 181(17), 458. DOI: 10.1136/vr.j4910.

Hadzalo, Ya. M., Bashchenko, M. I., & Zhukorskyi, O. M. (2016). Stratehiia rozvytku tvarynnytstva Ukrainy do 2020 roku [Strategy for the Development of Ani-mal Husbandry in Ukraine until 2020]. Kyiv: Ahrarna nauka (in Ukrainian).

Hopka, B. M., Khomenko, M. P., & Pavlenko, P. M. (2004). Koniarstvo [Horse Breeding]. Kyiv: Vyshcha osvita (in Ukrainian).

Instruktsiia z bonituvannia pleminnykh konei. Instruktsiia z vedennia pleminnoho obliku v koniarstvi [Instructions for grading breeding horses. Instructions for keeping breeding records in horse breeding]. Kyiv: Aristei, 2007 (in Ukrainian).

Kukla, O. L. (2012). Rezervy znyzhennia sobivartosti u pleminnomu koniarstvi [Reserves for cost reduction in horse breeding]. Economics of agriculture and agro-industrial complex, 2012, 142–145 (in Ukrainian).

Muñoz, L., Donaire, C., Salazar, T., Ortiz, R., Cruces, J., & Briones, M. (2021). Heritability of Locomotor Stereo-typies in Chilean Horses. J Equine Vet Sci, 105, 103702. DOI: 10.1016/j.jevs.2021.103702.

Musiał, A. D., Ropka-Molik, K., Piórkowska, K., Jaworska, J., & Stefaniuk-Szmukier, M. (2019). ACTN3 genotype distribution across horses representing different utility types and breeds. Mol Biol Rep, 46(6), 5795–5803. DOI: 10.1007/s11033-019-05013-0.

Posternak, L. I. (2017). Perspektyvy ta kryterii rozvytku haluzi koniarstva v Ukraini [Prospects and criteria for the development of the horse breeding industry in Ukraine]. Collection of scientific works of VNAU. Ag-ricultural sciences and food, 2, 230–236 (in Ukraini-an).

Shih, A. C. (2019). Cardiac Monitoring in Horses. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract, 35(1), 205–215. DOI: 10.1016/j.cveq.2018.12.003.

Suprun, I. O. (2020). Stan i perspektyvy zastosuvannia henetychnykh resursiv koniarstva v Ukraini [Status and prospects of application of genetic resources of horse breeding in Ukraine]. Collection of scientific works. Technology of production and processing of livestock products, 2, 66–75 (in Ukrainian).

Tkachenko, O. O., Tkachova, I. V., & Hdanska, K. V. (2015). Prohrama selektsii konei rosiiskoi rysystoi porody (ukrainskoi rysystoi porodnoi hrupy) do 2020 roku [The program of selection of horses of the Rus-sian trotting breed (Ukrainian trotting breed group) till 2020]. Kh.: Instytut tvarynnytstva NAAN (in Ukraini-an).

Tkachova, I. V. (2011). Stratehiia rozvytku haluzi kon-iarstva v Ukraini [Strategy for the development of the horse breeding industry in Ukraine]. Scientific Bulletin of the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, 160(1), 271–277 (in Ukrainian).

Tvarynnytstvo Ukrainy 2019: statystychnyi zbirnyk. Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy [Livestock of Ukraine 2019: statistical collection. State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. URL: druk/publicat/kat_u/2020/zb/05/zb_tvaryny_2019.pdf (in Ukrainian).

Abstract views: 6
PDF Downloads: 2
How to Cite
Ohorodnichuk, H. (2022). The state of the horse breeding industry and the evaluation of horses at the state enterprise dibrivka stud farm 62. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Agricultural Sciences, 24(96), 126-130.