The state of the horse breeding industry and the evaluation of horses at the state enterprise dibrivka stud farm 62
Preservation of genetic resources of the horse breeding industry at the State Enterprise Dibrivka Stud Farm is currently relevant, as there is a reduction in the number of valuable breeds of horses and the destruction of their gene pool in Ukraine. The purpose of the work was to research the state of the horse breeding industry and to conduct a quality assessment of horses at State Enterprise Dibrivka Stud Farm 62, Dibrivka village, Myrhorod district, Poltava region, in order to establish effective operation of the enterprise. State Enterprise Dibrivka Stud Farm 62 breeds the Orlov Trotter, Russian Trotter and Novoolexandrian Draught breeds. It was observed that stallions and mares (their height at the withers, length of the body, chest circumference, cannon bone circumference) of the Orlov Trotter breed, Russian Trotter breed and Novoolexandrian Draught breed correspond to the elite class and mostly predominates it in breeding value and economic purpose of stallions and breeding mares at the horse farm. At State Enterprise Dibrivka Stud Farm 62 the population of stallions and mares received a high rating by the main points (origin, type, exterior, and measurements); it was 5.5–9. It indicates a high genetic potential of the herd and a purposeful breeding work with it. It is necessary to improve the feeding of horses (increase the supply of good quality hay, concentrated feed, diversify the diet of breeding stallions, improve the condition of pastures) in order to use the genetic potential of animals effectively.
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