Agricultural products: changes and trends in the development of its production
The article analyzes the production of agricultural products by economic entities of Lviv region during the period of 2000–2017. Changes in the production of volumes of products by agrarian business entities during the period under review reflect certain trends in the areas of their functioning. Thus, in particular, as a result of the research, it was established that the volumes of agricultural production produced by all categories of farms increased in 2017 compared to 2000 by 40.9%, and from 2016 by 6.1%, including: crop production, respectively, in %: 77.2 and 7.7 and livestock production – by 4.1; 3.5 The study of the volumes of agrarian production in the context of the main producers shows that the agricultural enterprises have significantly increased production, and the households have made minor changes. At the same time, there were solid trends in the dynamical increase in the share of agricultural production produced by agricultural enterprises and the decrease in its production by households. Appropriate trends also occurred in the productive use of agricultural land (production per 100 hectares of agricultural land). Thus, agricultural enterprises on these indicators considerably exceed the economy of the population. The above data in Table 2 confirms the specific digital indicators. On this occasion, we note that when in 2000 agricultural enterprises produced agrarian products per 100 hectares of agricultural land, UAH thous.: 98.3; including: crop production 75.6 and livestock production 22.7, then in 2017, these indicators respectively were: 1284.2; 889.9 and 391.3, or this increase for the analysis period was: times: 13.0; 11.8 and 17.2. As far as households are concerned, there is a slightly different trend: in 2017 in comparison with 2000 there were processes of reduction of these relative indicators and they made in 2017 when comparing their values with the level of 2000, respectively, %: 64.0; 80, and 49.5. Thus, the results of the conducted research indicate that in the agricultural production of Lviv region intensive development processes of large agrarian formations and slowing down of small farms. These positive trends will continue to evolve and will continue to develop until optimal relationships are established between large and small forms of management.
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