Status of production of cattle breeding products in agricultural enterprises of the Lviv region
The theoretical and methodological researches of the essence and features of the methodics of analysis of volumes of manufacture of cattle breeding products are substantiated. The analysis of livestock production volumes in agricultural enterprises of the Lviv region was carried out and suggestions were made regarding their growth in the future. The measures to introduce advanced technologies of livestock production are proposed. An analysis of the structure of a herd of cattle, in particular in farms of people, suggests that the fattening population is mainly realized at younger age or in poor feeding conditions, which is evidence of the inability to feed forages in the field of animal husbandry in order to profit. It becomes more profitable to produce crop production and sell it without processing in the animal husbandry industry. There is also an alarming fact, such as the lack of a repair group of animals in many farms for the cultivation of first-born cows, which does not, in accordance with the requirements of the ability to complete a herd in order to update it. The basis of raising the level of livestock production in the Lviv region is the use of advanced modern technologies. Previously, the technologies of livestock production developed at this stage are not adapted to new economic conditions; their significant drawback is the unprofitable consumption of resources at low animal productivity. Therefore, the main way of raising the level of livestock production should be to improve the economic conditions in the industry, to preserve and increase the current stock of cattle, in particular cows, and to increase the productivity of animals, in particular due to more productive breeds of cattle.
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