NICHOLAS SHLEMKEVYCH OUTLOOK IN THE LIGHT OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL SETTINGS
Shlemkevych Mukola (1894 – 1966) – Ukrainian philosopher, writer, public figure. Since 1923 – in exile. Ph. D. University of Vienna (1923) – the founder and chief editor of emigration philosophical magazine «Letter to friends» (New–York–Newark, 1953 – 1966). As a student of Moritz Schlick, belonged to the Vienna Cinrcle (promoted principles of logical positivism). Worldview M. Shlemkevych evolved from Russophilism(in youth) of «creative nationalism» and statehood to call a «community soul» (1950–1960). The philosophy behind Shlemkevych, not have its own method of knowleage. Its mission – to criticism of «cultural systems» (V. Diltey): of science, art, religion. Philosophy is not outside of them, «she them», (esprecially emphasisred that Ukrainian culture rise). Ontogenetic singled philosophical and socio–philosophical types of Ukrainian people, their mentality, luyering, whose interaction creates Ukrainian spirituality: «gogol man» – conformism, duchotsentrychy«skovoroda man», «shevchenko man» – the converter in the world, «gallcian man» for which religian and the church – the basis the soul. In addition M. Shlemkevych state such an important feature of Ukrainian as honesty (exemplary family, praise the mother, deep religiasity). Noteworthy characteristics of Western and Eastern Ukrainian regions (in the East – a powerful and wonderful spontanity, the West – a calm, relational circumspeetion). Equally philosopher Ukrainian nature. Our people is inherent vitality, impulsiveness, credence in life, along with some passivity, flock (need phisical social contact) in contrast to sings of aggrision, rivalry, discipline, ordering, that is characteristics for bleading Western nations.
We support according to scientifics that we destrayed physically and spiritually, but we did not die for statehood worked with their language and culture, with the worlds of their prophets.
And a passionate appeal for national unity Shlemkovych to Ukrainian syntheses found a wide echo in the hearts of all Ukrainian people.
Lysty do pryjateliv. ch. 8 (10), zhovten' 1953. – s. 5(in Ukrainian).
Lysty do pryjateliv. ch. 7 – 8 (89 – 90) (in Ukrainian).
Lysty do pryjateliv. ch. 9–10 (103–104) P–IX, veresen'–zhovten' 1961. – s.41(in Ukrainian).
Lysty do pryjateliv. ch. 3–4 (55) P–V, berezen'–kviten' 1962. – s. 36(in Ukrainian).
Lysty do pryjateliv. ch. 150–152 P–XIII. 1965.–s. 34(in Ukrainian).
Lysty do pryjateliv. ch.9 (55), P–V, veresen' 1951.– s. 3(in Ukrainian).
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