Development of road transport infrastructure as a factor restoration of economic potential development of rural areas in Ukraine
The developed road transport infrastructure is a prerequisite for the economic and social development of the territories, in particular at the level of rural communities, as it allows creating conditions for comfortable living of the population, development of business initiatives, increasing the level of local accessibility of rural areas, and their investment attractiveness. The restoration of the economic potential of rural development in Ukraine objectively requires an in-depth study of the problematic aspects, obstacles and trends in the development of road transport infrastructure. The basis of the methodological basis for the study was the position of system-structural, comparative analysis and modern concepts of the institutional economy. The problematic aspects of the development of road transport infrastructure in the rural areas of Ukraine are identified, which are related to the neglect and low efficiency of the use of the end stops of the bus passenger transport, insufficient volumes of development and updating of roadside service facilities, low quality of passenger car transport, low quality of road works on the repair, construction and eradication of road friction, low efficiency of the public administration system motor roads, destruction of road construction due to increased weight loads on vehicles and traffic. The obstacles to improvement of road transport infrastructure in rural areas of Ukraine were identified: lack of practice of liquidation or legalization of spontaneous stops, lack of investments for their modernization; lack of effective interaction between local governments and executive authorities on the organization of passenger transportation and control over their functioning; lack of experience and non-compliance with standards for the development of road service facilities; deterioration of the network of highways; progressive aging of fixed assets and rolling stock of road enterprises; understatement of the warranty terms of the use of road surface. The directions of improvement of the state policy in the field of development of road transport infrastructure in the rural areas of Ukraine have been formed, which envisage the introduction of planning practices for the construction of objects of infrastructure of road objects, creation of incentives for carriers for the development of road transport infrastructure, approval of a regional program of development of highways of local the creation of transport and construction clusters at the subregional level, the introduction of new standards and qualifications conditions for conducting tenders for repairs, engineering and architectural arrangement of highways of local importance, the formation of databases of bona fide enterprises serving the road transport infrastructure, implementation of pilot projects in the field of reforming the existing system of road management in rural areas.
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