Problems of science and ethno national relations in Ivan Franko’s socio-political heritage
The article points out that the starting of the analysis of Ivan Franko’s views on the problem of ethno national relations is to determine the place and sole of national foundations in the development of humanity, through which society must absorb the most progressive assets. He emphasize: and here the synthesis of all of the ideal competitions, the structure to which all the bricks must go, will be the ideal of complete, unbound and unbounded (except voluntary concessions, which reguine of friendly life with neighbors) life and development of the nations. Anything that goes outside the nations in his, or the Pharisee of people who, by international ideals, would like to cover their competition for domination of the nation over another, or the painful sentimentalism of science – fictions writers who would like to cover their spiritual alienation from their native nation with road, human phrases. As we can see, it is the nation itself, no the class struggle, that is the crystallizing beginning, the strongest factor that unites people into the community and the state. Thus, the reflections of Ivan Franko also confirm that he was completely free from the political influence of materialism and the transition to the foundations of idealism. Defending the natural right of the nation to political independence, the writer strongly opposes any national oppression, associating it with the negative consequences and degradation of “not only the weak but also the strong”. “About no oppression, no apostasy, whether religious or national, or any other of our ideals or languages. No religion, no conviction, no trait and no nationality were and cannot be the subject of our hatred”. Such an object was and still is only oppression, every exhortation and every fallacy. Determining the essence of the nation, its place and role in the progress of human civilization naturally brought Ivan Franko to thinking about ways to solve the national question, the principles of national-state construction. He advocated the full, unrestricted freedom of life and development of the nation, being deeply convinced that there are no people of “inferior and supreme: all are equal and have equal right and free development”. In addition, Ivan Franko warns that their own establishment is possible in close connection with other people. The thinker is confident of success on the path of national self affirmation of our people, but this path is not easy, every conscious Ukrainian should make every effort. In doing so, we must adhere to our moral principles. Free and successful development of a nation can be realized in certain unifying principles. One of these principles, according to Ivan Franko, is nationalism, patriotism and language. And one more, we think, the actual advise of the thinker, to help people get out of their current situation. You need to look for a path to progress.
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