The work of Boris Martos “Theory of Cooperation” and the modern coopera-tive movement


Keywords: Boris Martos, cooperatives, cooperative movement, research, functioning of cooperatives, enterprise.

Abstract

The article examines the main components of the work of Boris Martos “Theory of Cooperation” and compares the results of research with the current state of development of the cooperative movement. The main attention was focused on the main material of the study on: the general foundations of the formation of cooperatives, the need, purpose and role of capital in their activities; basic features and principles of functioning of cooperatives; mechanism for meeting the needs of members of the cooperative; some secondary or derivative features of the cooperative. According to B. Martos, “Cooperation is one of the ways to improve the welfare of the lower strata of society by freeing them from exploitation by the capitalists. Almost every theorist of cooperation gives his more or less accurate definition of this concept. However, in order to give an accurate scientific definition of this phenomenon in society, we must first establish the basic features that characterize the cooperative, distinguishing it from other social phenomena. This spatial quote from the work of B. Martos permeates all components of his economic work, the essence and content of which was at the center of our research. Each statement and statement of B. Martos was compared with the current realities of the cooperative movement and on the basis of which it was proposed to use the work of a scientist to improve the efficiency of cooperative relations in modern economic conditions.

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Published
2020-06-26
How to Cite
Shulskyi, M. (2020). The work of Boris Martos “Theory of Cooperation” and the modern coopera-tive movement. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series Economical Sciences, 22(94), 9-16. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet-e9402