Availability of balanced nutrition at the level of scientific basis for norms of all layers of the population of Ukraine
The basis of all life processes of the human body is a constant metabolism between the body and the environment. From the environment, people consume oxygen, water and food. The role of food is to replenish energy and tissue elements necessary for growth, development and functioning of the body, ensuring metabolic processes, normal health and efficiency. Rational nutrition (ratio – reasonable) is a physiologically complete nutrition of healthy people taking into account their age, sex, nature of work and other factors. Nutritional nutrition contributes to maintaining good health, resistance to harmful environmental factors, high physical and mental capacity, as well as active longevity. The article is devoted to the issues of accessibility to a balanced diet at the level of scientifically substantiated norms of the population of Ukraine. The main problems of mankind are covered, such as: poverty, hunger, malnutrition and food security, etc. Based on statistics for the last few years, the article has calculated and reflected such indicators as: the level of poverty in Ukraine according to national accounts and the upper poverty level of $ 5.50. US per day according to the World Bank, %, the dynamics of indicators of meat consumption in Ukraine, the compliance of indicators of meat consumption in Ukraine with rational standards, etc. The importance of solving problematic issues of food security, which affects the level of socio-economic development of society and countries in general, the ratio of production, consumption and demand for sugar and oil in Ukraine, the prevalence of malnutrition in children and adults in Ukraine, the ratio of nutrition standards in secondary schools for one-time nutrition of students and the physiological needs of the population of Ukraine in basic nutrients and energy. The concept of rational nutrition is revealed. The state of food security determines, in particular, the level of food security, is the key to socio-economic development of society. For the world agricultural system there is a growing trend in declining inventories, rising prices, increasing differences in the level of agricultural development in countries with economic crises and globalization. The availability of a balanced diet at the level of scientifically sound standards for all segments of the population is also considered, which today is one of the main challenges of our time, which gives our study importance and significance.
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