Ksenophon Sosenko – Ukrainian folklorist, ethnographer, patriot
Many figures of Ukrainian culture are waiting for the recognition, study and promotion of their work. Among them is the representative of the Ukrainian intelligentsia at the end of the 19th – the first half of the 20th centuries – Ksenophon Sosenko, who played an important role in the folklore process in Galicia in the 20–30's of the last century. He was an adherent of the Viennese Cultural and Historical School, adopting its methodology, which he applied in his thorough and original works which still impress the scholarly erudition. The article attempts to characterize the life and scientific path of O. Ksenofont, to identify the main directions of research and its contribution to the history of Ukrainian folklore. Attention is drawn to how K. Sosenko illuminated the “moral image of the people”, as expressed by P. Kulish, having touched on the problems of ethno-ethics, emphasized the people's view of traditions as holiness, as a moral duty. The studies of the researcher are imbued with patriotism. K. Sosenko's desire in all his writings to prove the autochthonousness of the Ukrainians on their land was determined primarily by the political situation of the early XX century. When pessimism, panic, despair, and indifference prevailed in Ukraine after the unsuccessful national-political contests of 1917–1919, it was K. Sosenko's studies that once again aimed to reaffirm to the world that Ukrainians have their original history, rich and unique culture and, therefore, have the right to live on their own lands and on their state forever.
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