State policy for the development of rural areas in conditions of limited natural resources (on the example of Japan)


Keywords: rural areas, agriculture, state policy, environment, Japan

Abstract

It is shown that agriculture is sometimes not the main branch of the rural economy. It is emphasized that ensuring control over the impact of agricultural production on the environment is the responsibility of the state. It is revealed that in view of the rapid development and change of international relations, the definition of “food security” as the independence of the state solely through its own production is no longer relevant, today it depends more on the foreign and domestic policy of the country, as well as the importance of its opinion for other countries. It is noted that despite membership in the World Trade Organization, Japan has formed and implemented a policy of comprehensive support for its own producers and encourages the diversification of economic activities in rural areas. Legislatively approved principles of environmental policy of agriculture, forestry and fisheries are strictly controlled and are binding on all business entities. It is emphasized that Japan does not approve of the practice of renting agricultural land in other countries and makes maximum use of its own natural resources. The ways in which Japan provides support and assistance to developing countries to improve the condition of rural areas and agriculture were analyzed, and it was noted that the amount of this assistance is more than 21 % of total assistance. It is shown that in order to preserve agricultural lands, Japan creates artificial territories (islands and coastline extensions), on which large buildings and airports are built. The careful quality control of food introduced by the Government of Japan is noted. The flexible state policy of Japan on the redistribution of resources, which prevents the creation of critical situations in the provision of food to the population, is analyzed. Japan promotes the accelerated construction of vertical farms, which have no analogues in the world in the degree of environmental friendliness. It is shown how powerful Japanese companies - manufacturers of electronics on a global level are willing to expand their scope of activities by growing ultra-pure fruits and vegetables. The need for further research on the policy of rural development and agriculture of the State of Israel was emphasized.

References

Ahmetshina, L., & Porvadov, M. (2017). Perspektivy adaptacii v Rossii zarubezhnogo opyta obespechenija prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti v uslovijah sankcij. Vestnik PNIPU. Social'no-ekonomicheskie nauki, 1, 234–246. doi: 10.15593/2224-9354/2017.1.18 (in Russian).

Boys, A. (2000). Food and Energy in Japan. Research Journal of Ibaraki Christian Junior College. Hitachi: Ibaraki Christian University Junior College, 40, 29–132.

Breus, D., & Sіkors'kij, V. (2019). Suchasnij stan derzhavnogo upravlіnnja v galuzі ohoroni navkolish-n'ogo prirodnogo seredovishha. Tavrіjs'kij naukovij vіsnik, 109(1), 196–201. doi: 10.32851/2226-0099.2019.109-1.29 (in Ukrainian).

Chorna, O. (2019). Sutnіst' ta osoblivostі formuvannja derzhavnoї ekologіchnoї polіtiki na rіvnі regіonu. Derzhavne upravlіnnja: udoskonalennja ta rozvytok, 11. URL: http://www.dy.nayka.com.ua/pdf/11_2019/37.pdf (in Ukrainian).

Chubu Centrair Intl Airport [Electronic resourse]. Access mode: http://www.airports-worldwide.com/japan/ chubu_centrair_intl_japan.php.

Gryshhenko, I. (2019). Analiz derzhavnoi' polityky u sferi rozvytku sil's'kyh terytorij. Derzhavne upravlinnja: udoskonalennja ta rozvytok, 1. doi: 10.32702/2307-2156-2019.1.2 (in Ukrainian).

Il'kiv, N. (2020). Derzhavna ekologichna polityka jak osnova stalogo rozvytku agrarnogo sektora ekonomiky. Modern achievements of EU countries and Ukraine in the area of law: Collective monograph. T. 1. Riga: Izdevniecība “Baltija Publishing, 209–224. doi: 10.30525/978-9934-588-63-1.13 (in Ukrainian).

Kawagoe, T. (2013). Agricultural Land Reform in Postwar Japan: Experiences and Issues. Policy research working papers, 25. doi: 10.1596/1813-9450-2111.

Kimura, A. (2018). Hungry in Japan: Food Insecurity and Ethical Citizenship. The Journal of Asian Studies, 77(2), 475-493. doi: 10.1017/S0021911818000037.

Kobe (gorod) (2013). Planeta Zemlja [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://geosfera.info/aziya/yaponiya/1236-kobe. html (in Russian).

Kolenov, O. M. (2017). Prіoriteti realіzacії j ocіnjuvannja derzhavnoї polіtiki u sferі ekologіchnoї bezpeki. Vіsnyk Nacіonal'nogo unіversytetu cyvіl'nogo zahystu Ukrainy. Serіja: Derzhavne upravlіnnja, 2, 127–133. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1038880 (in Ukrainian).

Kulish, I. (2019). Ukrai'na v SOT: ekonomika i politychni vplyvy. Aktual'ni problemy teorii' i praktyky ek-spertyzy tovariv: materialy VI Mizhnarodnoi' nauko-vo-praktychnoi' konferencii' (4–5 kvitnja 2019 roku). Poltava: PUET, 322–324 (in Ukrainian).

Laishley, R. (2014). Is Africa’s land up for grabs? Access mode: https://www.un.org/africarenewal/magazine/ special-edition-agriculture-2014/africa%E2%80%99s-land-grabs.

Lama, P. (2017). Japan’s Food Security Problem: In-creasing Self-sufficiency in Traditional Food. In-draStra Global, 003(07). doi: 10.6084/m9.figshare.5220820.

Lushpajev, S. O. (2015). Ponjattja prodovol'choi' bezpeky za zakonodavstvom zarubizhnyh derzhav. Forum prava, 3, 135–142. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/j-pdf/FP_index.htm_2015_3_26.pdf (in Ukrainian).

Marych, H. (2019). Spivvidnoshennja derzhavnoi' ekologichnoi' polityky i ekfologichnogo zakonodavstva Ukrai'ny. Pidpryjemnyctvo, gospodarstvo i pravo, 11, 187–191. doi: 10.32849/2663-5313/2019.11.32 (in Ukrainian).

Matvjejev, P. M. (2019). Zakordonnyj dosvid derzhavnogo reguljuvannja u sferi pidvyshhennja produktyvnosti vykorystannja resursnogo potencialu agrarnogo sektoru. Ukrai'ns'kyj zhurnal prykladnoi' ekonomiky, 4(3), 367–375. doi: 10.36887/2415-8453-2019-3-40 (in Ukrainian).

Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Japan (2006). [Electronic resourse]. Access mode: https://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/ oda/white/2006/ODA2006/html/honpen/hp202020104.htm.

Nepochatenko, O. O. (2012). Derzhavna polityka u sferi rozvytku sil's'kyh terytorij: vitchyznjani realii' ta jevropejs'kyj dosvid. Naukovi praci Poltavs'koi' derzhavnoi' agrarnoi' akademii', 1(4), 149–153 (in Ukrainian).

Principles of the Environmental Policy in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Ministry of Agriculture, Forest-ry and Fisheries [Electronic resourse]. URL: http://www.maff.go.jp/e/.

Rice, P. (1994). Kansai International Airport terminal building [Electronic resourse]. Access mode: http://www.engineering-timelines.com/scripts/engineeringItem.asp?id=1280.

Schmidhuber, J., & Tubiello, F. N. (2007). Global food security under climate change. PNAS, 104(50), 19703–19708. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0701976104.

Semenov, D., & Kaloshina, S. (2016). Innovacionnye tehnologii stroitel'stva iskusstvennyh ostrovov. Vest-nik PNIPU. Stroitel'stvo i arhitektura, 4(7), 80–92. doi: 10.15593/2224-9826/2016.4.08 (in Russian).

Sergіenko, L., Dzjubenko, O., & Ozhgo, S. (2019). Derzhavna ekologіchna polіtyka Ukrainy ta pravovyi mehanіzm ii formuvannja і realіzacіi. Ekonomіka, upravlіnnja ta admіnіstruvannja, 3(89), 191–200. doi: 10.26642/jen-2019-3(89)-191-200 (in Ukrainian).

Spas'kyj, G. (2018). Rozvytok kredytnogo zab-ezpechennja sil's'kogo gospodarstva Zakarpattja. Visnyk agrarnoi' nauky, 12(789), 78–84 (in Ukrainian).

Synenko, O. (2019). Finansovyj mehanizm funkcionuvannja agrarnyh pidpryjemstv: za-rubizhnyj dosvid. Finansovyj prostir, 234, 125–137. doi: 10.18371/fp.2(34).2019.183583 (in Ukrainian).

The Basic Law on Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas [Electronic resourse]. Access mode: http://www.maff.go.jp/j/kanbo/kihyo02/basic_law/pdf/basic_law_agri.pdf.

The Basic Law on Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries [Elec-tronic resourse]. URL: http://www.maff.go.jp/e/ basic_law/basiclaw_agri/basiclaw_agri.html.

Vriend, E. (2012). Het nieuwe land: het verhaal van een polder die perfect moest zijn. Amsterdam: Balans (in Dutch).

Vylegzhanin, A., & Krymskaja, K. (2018). Mezhdu-narodno-pravovoj rezhim iskusstvennyh ostrovov i inyh stacionarnyh konstrukcij v more. Moskovskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava, 2, 42–57. doi: 10.24833/0869-0049-2018-2-42-57 (in Russian).

Welcome to Kitakyushu [Electronic resourse]. Access mode: http://english.kitakyu-air.jp.

Zakіjanov, D., & Zakijanov, D. (2011). Spekuljanty zah-vatyvajut zemli v Afrike. Jekonomicheskie izvestija, 97(1557) (in Russian).

Abstract views: 12
PDF Downloads: 8
Published
2020-10-28
How to Cite
Kulish, I., Hrymak, O., Chemerys, V., & Voronyj, I. (2020). State policy for the development of rural areas in conditions of limited natural resources (on the example of Japan). Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series Economical Sciences, 22(95), 38-44. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet-e9507