Directions of diversification of agricultural production in Ukraine on the basis of sustainable development


Keywords: assortment, market, organic production, niche crops, rural areas, rural population

Abstract

The article substantiates the directions of diversification of agricultural production in Ukraine on the basis of sustainable development in order to improve the quality of life of the rural population, ensure the competitiveness of rural areas, achieve environmental safety. In the process of research in the areas of diversification of agricultural production used a monographic and graphic methods and scientific generalization. Diversification is seen as the diversification of the object of study and giving it a multidisciplinary, combined nature, which is realized by expanding the scope of the enterprise. Attention is drawn to the fact that in rural areas diversification should be based on the basis of sustainable development and on the relocation of resources to new areas of agricultural and non-agricultural activities. It is proposed to diversify agricultural production in the areas of expanding the range and markets, support and development of organic production, increase the volume of niche crops, which will contribute to the production of agricultural products with a larger share of value added, increase exports of agricultural products, expand the population. Declining trends in agricultural production have been identified in parallel with the growth of more profitable types of crop and livestock products (rapeseed, sunflower, pigs, poultry). It is emphasized that during the formation of the species structure of agricultural production it is necessary to take into account not only the demand for it but also to ensure efficient and rational use of available labor, raw materials, land, technical, technological, financial and other resources. The expediency of growing niche crops (garlic, sorghum, chickpeas, mustard, nuts, flax) is substantiated, the main advantage of which is the growth of demand for these products in combination with small production volumes, which will expand markets and increase the competitiveness of agricultural production. It is proved that in Ukraine there are all the prerequisites for the spread of organic land use as a direction of diversification of rural development on the basis of sustainable development. This allows not only to make a profit, but also to produce environmentally friendly food and reduce the destructive anthropogenic impact on the environment. Further research should be carried out in the field of formation of the scientific concept, development of the mechanism of organizational and economic support and selection of priorities of diversification of agricultural production.

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Published
2020-10-28
How to Cite
Khomiuk, N., & Pavlikha, N. (2020). Directions of diversification of agricultural production in Ukraine on the basis of sustainable development. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series Economical Sciences, 22(95), 45-51. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet-e9508