Features of investment development of agricultural enterprises
Investments in agricultural enterprises affect the volume of national GDP. At the same time, the development of the investment process in agriculture can have a significant synergistic effect, as investments belong to the gross accumulation of capital, which is one of the components of GDP. Real investment inflows to enterprises in the agro-industrial complex during 2015–2019 tended to increase. In 2019, compared to 2015, the volume of total capital investment in agriculture, forestry and fisheries increased by UAH 28.975 million or 196 %, which is a favorable condition for the development of domestic agricultural enterprises. During 2015–2020, there is a positive increase in capital investment in Ukraine's economy as a whole, but the share of capital investment in agriculture tends to decline annually, especially in 2020 compared to 2019, by 17 %. The decline in investment activity in agriculture is due to unstable macroeconomic and political factors in our country, limited purchasing power, the beginning of the global economic crisis, the gradual devaluation of the national currency, low efficiency of the agricultural sector. The volume of investment averages about 10 % of the total amount of capital investment in the country is quite low, despite the fact that the agricultural sector of our country has a fairly high potential for development and significant investment attractiveness. The dynamics of the share of investment in the national GDP and gross investment in the economy of Ukraine is characterized by a positive trend towards gradual growth during 2015–2019. In 2010, the volume of investments in the agricultural sector amounted to 1.5 % of GDP of our country and 3.3 % relative to gross investment, and in 2015 these figures were 2.3 % and 3.5 %, respectively. In 2019, these figures were 1.7 % and 4.8 %. That is, we can state that during the analyzed period there is an increase in the role of investment in the agricultural sector of the economy and in the formation of sustainable economic development potential of Ukraine. According to the results of 2018, agricultural enterprises and organizations of all forms of ownership at the expense of all sources of funding mastered 64 billion UAH. capital investment, which is 127 % compared to the period of 2017 and 340 % compared to 2013. In 2014–2015, there was a decrease in investment activity in the agricultural sector due to the economic crisis in the country. In 2019–2020, the volume of capital investment in agricultural enterprises decreased by UAH 11 billion, which is a sign of deteriorating investment activity in the agricultural sector.
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