Justification of the norms for the maximum permissible content of harmful substances in honey
It was carried out analysis of data on factual content of admixture of lead in honey produced in various regions of the world and shown that indices of is maximally permitted concentration normalized by the EU Directive of 25/06/2015 № 2015/1005 and the US Federal agency by foods and drugs of 0.1 and 0.05 milligram per 1 kilogram of honey, respectively, are not observed in most of tested samples of honey. Taking into consideration the obtained data, it was proposed to lower the index of the maximally permitted concentration of lead set by the national standard of DSTU 4497:2005 to 0,5 mg/kg, and include in the document the one more norm of 0,1 mg/kg of lead for honeys recommended for consumption by babies and persons who has the special dietetic needs. Taking into account the data presented in the article on the actual content of lead content in Ukrainian honey, we consider it appropriate to introduce in the new edition of the national standard for honey, decreasing by twice the norm of the maximum allowable level of lead content at the level of 0.5 mg/kg of the product instead of currently operating at 1.0 mg/kg. At the same time, in the list of the national standard DSTU 4497: 2005, honey varieties may, as a compromise with European norms, be introduced a variety «For consumption by children and persons with special dietary needs» with the norm of the maximum allowable lead content of 0.1 mg/kg of product. At the same time, the European Rules on Basic Hygiene Rules applicable to the handling of products of animal origin (including honey (paragraph 8.1 of the Regulation), products imported at the European Economic Area are recognized as equivalent to products of their own production, respectively, may be admitted to free sale. One of the consequences of such a decision will be to determine the quality of the honey and the necessity to introduce its strict control over this indicator and its mandatory display in the quality certificates for the export of the product.
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