Research of changes in individual physico-chemical parameters of yoghurts using whey protein concentrates
The purpose of the work was to investigate the effect of whey proteins and dry whey concentrates on the change of titrated and active acidity during digestion. In order to stabilize the consistency in the production of low-fat yogurts, dry whey was selected that met the requirements of State Standard 4552:2006. It is used to improve the taste of finished products, to add flavor, to improve the texture, as well as to improve overall quality. In addition, dry whey protein concentrate WPC 80 Milkiland was used. The addition of whey protein concentrate does not detract from the organoleptic characteristics of a normalized mixture, which allows it to be used in yogurt technology. The addition of whey proteins has a significant effect on the duration of gel formation. Whey protein concentrate and dry whey reduce the duration of latent fermentation and flocculation stages. The data obtained allows us to predict that they accelerate the coagulation process. This effect is enhanced by increasing the dose of protein concentrates. Conducted coagulation of milk with a different dose and observed changes in titrated and active acidity during the fermentation. Yogurt culture YF-L903, which includes Streptococcus salivarius subsp., Thermophilus, Lactobacillus delbrűeckii subsp. Bulgaricus were used for fermentation. The highest growth rate of titrated acidity is recorded for option 1 (0.5% dry sucrose) and controls that for 4 hours. the fermentation reached 80 °T. The highest rate of decline in active acidity is recorded in option 1 (0.5% dry sucrose serum). All samples for 4 hours of fermentation reached 4.65–4.72 units. pH. Thus, the acidity slightly increases with increasing the dose of serum protein concentrate and does not increase with the use of dry whey.
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