Improving the performance of vibration feeders with an electromagnetic vibration drive and a combined vibration system
Vibration loading devices are widely used in various branches of mechanical engineering to load piece blanks of automatic machines and automatic lines as well as robotic systems, automated systems and flexible automated production. Vibration devices for transportation and loading of miniature, small and medium-sized products are the most widely used. Modern designs of vibratory feeders, made according to the classical dynamic scheme and having a two-mass oscillating system, do not fully use the energy of the vibratory exciter to perform useful work. In addition, due to the presence of a heavy reactive mass, they have a fairly large weight. When the vibrating feeder is operating, the energy of the vibration exciter is spent on pumping both the hopper, which performs useful work, and the reactive plate, which performs idle vibrations. Thus, part of the energy of the vibration exciter is not used for performing useful work, but is spent idly. To increase the efficiency of the device, increase its performance and reduce its weight and metal consumption, it is necessary to change the design of the vibratory feeder and some of its elements, which affect the redistribution of the oscillation amplitudes of the working (hopper) and reactive mass of the vibratory feeder. Modern production involves the creation of new models of machines with high technical and economic indicators, therefore, improving the efficiency of existing equipment and the development of new schemes of machines is an important task for designers and manufacturers of technological equipment, as the minimum improvement of its technological and operational performance can lead to a tangible economic effect. To solve this problem we developed a new design vibrating hopper feeder, in which the increase of the horizontal component of the oscillation amplitude of the working element (hopper) is not at the expense of increased power of the vibratory exciter, but due to internal redistribution of energy between the elements of the oscillating system that makes better use of the energy of the vibratory exciter to perform useful work, i.e. to increase the coefficient of useful action. In addition, the weight and metal content of the vibrating feeder structure are simultaneously reduced.
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