The technology of soft Camembert cheese with the usage of different bacterial preparations


Keywords: Camembert cheese, lactic acid bacteria, soft cheese, technology, coagulation duration, syneretic properties, organoleptic properties

Abstract

The aim of the work was to develop a technology of soft Camembert cheese from pasteurized cow's milk using various bacterial preparations and to investigate its basic physicochemical and organoleptic properties. Two experimental samples of cheese were made: sample 1 – culture of direct application of mesothermophilic type RSF-742 + culture of white mold (Penicillium candidum + Geotrichum candidum) + rennet enzyme + calcium chloride; sample 2 – culture of direct application of mesophilic type CHN-19 + culture of white mold (Penicillium candidum + Geotrichum candidum) + rennet enzyme + calcium chloride. The finished product analyzed by the organoleptic and physicochemical parameters. Syneretic properties of rennet clots were studied after the process of fermentation and coagulation at a temperature of 32 ºC. The sample with the use of CNH-19 was characterized by the best consistency and pronounced mushroom and creamy aroma. Sample № 1, made with the bacterial preparation RSF-742, was characterized by a less pronounced aroma and structure, typical of Camembert cheese. It was found that the sample №1 (RSF-742) was characterized by higher syneretic properties. According to syneretic properties, lower moisture content characterized sample 1 (62 %) versus sample 2 (64 %). The volume of serum released in 1 hour was 65 % for sample 1 and 62 % for sample 2. The highest values for the fat content was sample 1 – 43 %, and sample 2 – 42 %. The content of salt did not differ, in sample № 1 – 1.8 % and in sample № 2 – 1.75 %. There were changes in the active acidity of the finished product when using different bacterial preparation. Lower pH values in sample 1 – 6.2, and slightly higher in sample 2 – 6.5 were observed. The highest number of points according to the results of the score was given to sample № 2 – 86 points, sample № 1 – 77 points out of possible 100.

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Published
2020-10-28
How to Cite
SlyvkaІ., TsisarykО., & Musiy, L. (2020). The technology of soft Camembert cheese with the usage of different bacterial preparations. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Food Technologies, 22(94), 71-79. https://doi.org/10.32718/nvlvet-f9414

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