Problematic issues of adaptation of cows of golshtinskaya breed in the conditions of industrial technology of milk production


  • R.V. Milostiviy
  • О.О. Kalinichenko
  • Т.О. Vasilenko
  • D.F. Milostivа
  • G.S. Gutsulyak
Keywords: adaptation, Holstein breed, industrial technology, duration of economic use, lifelong productivity, causes of cows culling

Abstract

The increase in the duration of productive longevity of highly productive cows remains a problematic issue and in recent years has attracted increasing attention of domestic and foreign scientists. Accelerated herd turnover and significant premature retirement of Holstein animals in herds may subsequently have negative economic and biological consequences. The analysis of the lifetime productivity of the Holstein cattle of European breeding and their daughters under the conditions of industrial milk production technology has been carried out; the reasons for the culling of animals due to diseases have been clarified. It is established that under the conditions of an industrial complex the period of productive use of Holstein cattle is sharply reduced. The duration of the lactation period in cows-daughters compared with mothers significantly decreased by 463.6 days (by 32.5%) and amounted to only 2.5 lactations (P < 0.01). At the same time, lifelong milk yield was lower by 8427.1 kg (25.9%), and during life from them was received on one calf less. The main reasons for premature departure from the herd of imported animals were: a violation of reproductive capacity (25.6%) and postpartum complications (7.4%), diseases of the digestive system (22.3%), limbs (21.5%) and mastitis (6.6%). Excessive exploitation of animals led to a decrease in natural resistance, which manifested itself in an increase in the number of pathologies of reproductive organs (6.7%), digestive organs (5.5%) and mammary glands (8.5%) among the first-generation cows. Accelerated herd turnover as a result of premature retirement of highly productive cows, necessitates the search for rational ways to increase the natural resistance of the animal organism in conditions of industrial milk production technology aimed at prolonging their productive longevity.

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Abstract views: 159
PDF Downloads: 152
Published
2017-02-04
How to Cite
Milostiviy, R., KalinichenkoО., VasilenkoТ., MilostivаD., & Gutsulyak, G. (2017). Problematic issues of adaptation of cows of golshtinskaya breed in the conditions of industrial technology of milk production. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 19(73), 28-32. https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet7306