Prevalance and causes of diseases occurrence of cows hooves


  • N.M. Khomyn
  • A.R. Mysak
  • I.I. Iglitskej
  • V.V. Pritsak
Keywords: cattle hooves, pododermatitis, laminitis, ulcers Rusterholts, tiloma, rim phlegmon, arthritis of hoof joint

Abstract

The article presents an analysis the literature data on the frequency of and etiologic factors of disease of cows hooves, including different clinical forms of pododermatitis. It is established that the deterioration of the quality hoof horn, which causes diseases of hooves influencing on poor conditions of keeping, unbalanced feeding, by deficiency of nutrients and minerals, deformation hooves, lack of motions, insolation and corrective clearing. An important place in the pathology of highly productive cows hooves strains belonging to deformations of hooves horn. It was established that determining influence on the formation of deformed hooves have errors in feeding (excessive feeding of concentrated feed - for high concentrate feeding), in keeping (absence or lack of active constitutional, the use of concrete, brick and slot floors, etc.) and breeding of animals with deformed hooves, irregular shape of which are inherited. To orthopedic diseases include diseases: pod dermatitis, laminitis, ulcers of pulp (Rusterholts ulcer), body, and also purulent necrotic lesion, which mostly occur in the form of rim phlegmon and pulp, caused by an infiltration of pathogenic microflora through damaged skin, rarer due to metastasis of infect. However, despite the significant number of works, devoted to the problem of orthopedic pathology, remained undefined a number of issues regarding pathogenesis of some clinical forms of pododermatitis, in connection with that in Ukraine research in this direction were conducted. So perspective is depth study of some links of pathogenesis, some clinical forms of pododermatitis to develop tactics and treatment method of orthopedic sick animals.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Borysevych, B., Homyn, N. (2002). Etiopatogenez urazhen' kopytec' u koriv v umovah stijlovogo utrymannja. Veterynarna medycyna Ukrai'ny. 12, 32–34 (in Ukrainian).

Borysevych, V.B., Kogut, N.V., Homyn, N.M. (2004). Poverhnevyj ta glybokyj gnijnyj pododermatyt u koriv. Visnyk Bilocerkiv. derzh. agrar. un-tu. Bila Cerkva. 28, 8–14 (in Ukrainian).

Demchuk, M.V. Chornyj, M.V., Vysokos, M.P. (1996). Gigijena tvaryn. K.: Urozhaj (in Ukrainian).

Kogut, N., Borysevych, V. (2003). Vynyknennja pododermatytiv u velykoi' rogatoi' hudoby vnaslidok travmuvannja kincivok. Veterynarna medycyna Ukrai'ny. 2, 29–30 (in Ukrainian).

Kozij, V.I., Ivchenko, V.M., Stadnyk, P.O. (2000). Dejaki pytannja etiologii' zahvorjuvan' u diljanci pal'cja u vysokoproduktyvnyh koriv. Visnyk Bilocerkiv. derzh. agrar. un-tu. Bila Cerkva. 13(I), 49–53 (in Ukrainian).

Kozij, V.I. (2007). Laminit u vysokoproduktyvnyh koriv: Avtoref. dys… dokt. vet. nauk: 16.00.05. – Bila Cerkva, 36 (in Ukrainian).

Kulynych, S.M. (2012). Urazhennja kopytec' u koriv, sprychyneni keratomicetamy: Avtoref. dys… dokt. vet. nauk: 16.00.05. K., 36 (in Ukrainian).

Luk'janovskij, V.A. (1992). Vlijanie sanitarno-gigienicheskih uslovij na patologiju kopytec u korov. Veterinarija. 1, 17–20 (in Russian).

Molokanov, V.A. (1997). Jetiopatogenez zabolevanij kopytec u vysokoproduktivnyh korov. Problemy hirurgicheskoj patologii sel'skohozjajstvennyh zhivotnyh: Tez. dokl. Vsesojuz. nauch. konf. – Belaja Cerkov', 69–70 (in Russian).

Mishhenko, V.A., Mishhenko, A.B. (2007). Bolezni konechnostej u vysokoproduktivnyh korov. Veterinarnyj konsul'tant. 6, 11–13 (in Russian).

Pan'ko, I.S., Tyhonjuk, L.A., Nagornyj, V.V. (1998). Nekrobakteriozni urazhennja kincivok u koriv. Visnyk Bilocerkiv. derzh. agrar. un-tu. 5(2), 197–200 (in Ukrainian).

Pan'ko, I.S. (2000). Novi pidhody do vyvchennja prychyn ta profilaktyky hvorob ratyc' u vysokoproduktyvnyh koriv. Visnyk Bilocerkiv. derzh. agrar. un-tu. Bila Cerkva. 13(1), 19–22 (in Ukrainian).

Sorokina, I.A., Matveev, L.V. (2000). Gnojno-nekroticheskie processy v oblasti pal'cev u krupnogo rogatogo skota. Veterinarija. 2, 43–45 (in Russian).

Timofeev, C.B., Gimranov, V.V. (2005). Rasprostranenie jazvennyh processov v oblasti pal'cev u krupnogo rogatogo skota. Veterinarija. 7, 43–45 (in Russian).

Homyn, N., Borysevych, B. (2001). Rol' osteodystrofii' u vynyknenni pododermatytu u velykoi' rogatoi' hudoby. Vet. medycyna Ukrai'ny. 6, 30–31 (in Ukrainian).

Chumachenko, V.Ju. (1997). Rezystentnist' tvaryn i faktory, shho vplyvajut' na i'i' stan. Veterynarna medycyna Ukrai'ny. 3, 23–25 (in Ukrainian).

Kadrik, K. (1996). On the mechanism of elementary acid – base balance disorders in cows. Estonian Veterinary Review Supplemental – Acta Veterinaria Baltica. Estonia,Tartu, 16–22.

Moore, J.N., Allen, D.Jr., Clark, E.S. (1991). Pathophysiology of acute laminitis. Equine Pract. 13(5), 29–30.

Smilie, R. (1996). Prevalence of lesions associated with subclinical laminits in first-lactation cows from herds with high milk productions. JAVMA. 208(9), 1445–1451.

Abstract views: 136
PDF Downloads: 164
Published
2017-03-06
How to Cite
Khomyn, N., Mysak, A., Iglitskej, I., & Pritsak, V. (2017). Prevalance and causes of diseases occurrence of cows hooves. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 19(77), 22-26. https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet7706

Most read articles by the same author(s)