Lviv national university of veterinary medicine and biotechnologies


  • M.R. Hrytsyna Львівський національний університет ветеринарної медицини та біотехнологій
Keywords: sort of Verbascum L, biologically active substances, alkaloids, coumarin, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, carbohydrates, ascorbic acid

Abstract

In the article are described results of exploration`s biologically active substances in species of plant organs of genus Verbascum L, from the family of Scrophulariaceae L: V. thapsiforme Schrad., V. phlomoides L., V. lychnitis L, V. nigrum L., V. blattaria L., V. phoeniceum L. The exploration of biologically active substances in species of plant organs was conducted by N.I. Hrynkevych`s method. Including all explorations, was established that all species of sort accumulated at underground and above-ground organs biologically – active substances such as: alkaloids, coumarin, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and carbohydrates, ascorbic acid. It was established that some attachment of BAR content depends on systematic position of the species. What concerns alkaloids` rosette leaves of woolly species like V. thapsiforme and V. phlomoides from subsection Heterandrа and V. lychnitis have another subsection Isandra have much more alkaloids than the other species. In less woolly, purple colored species – V. nigrum, V. blattaria and V. phoeniceum only found their traces. A large number of saponins are found in all organs of V. thapsiforme. Slightly lower content in these substances is in close species of V. phlomoides from the subsection Heterandra. Other species, which are not used in medicine, also accumulate saponins. Thus, V. lychnitis from subsection of Isandra in roots and rosette leaves in huge amount. Slightly low amount is in stem leaves and petals, alike all organs of V. nigrum and in large number. A large number of saponins is found in V. blattaria and V. phoeniceum from another section of Singuliflora. In explored species are found tannins, especially in great amount in V. lychnitis V. nigrum and V. phlomoides. Flavonoids accumulate in all organs of explored species, and in V. nigrum, V. blattaria, V. phoeniceum, which have purple colored flower elements – in huge amount in petals. Coumarins in huge variety accumulate in rosette shoot leaves and roots at first year of life than in a stem leaves and flower petals. Their content is less in the aerial part of V. blattaria, petals V. phoeniceum from Singuliflora section. Synthesized in large quantities in all carbohydrates, which is in great amount at its roots. The highest number of ascorbic acid contained in the petals of flowers V. lychnitis and V. nigrum, when in other organs they are in small number. On the contrary, in V. blattaria, V. thapsiforme and V. phlomoides rosette of leaves, carbohydrates is in a very large number, and petals in very little.

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Published
2017-03-07
How to Cite
Hrytsyna, M. (2017). Lviv national university of veterinary medicine and biotechnologies. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies. Series: Veterinary Sciences, 19(77), 86-91. https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet7720