The influence of symbionts of microbiocenosis on the indicators cytohemopoez at mixed pasteurellosis and ascaridosis disease bird
The article describes the results of the influence of microbiocenose symbionts on some morphological parameters of poultry at the pasteurello-ascaridosis. Morphological studies of poultry blood were carried out according to the following parameters: hemoglobin, red blood cells, platelets, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, hematocrit, color index, leukocytes, basophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils (segmental). Morphological studies of blood of poultry were carried out according to generally accepted methods. It was determined that changes in morphological parameters in poultry blood were amplified due to the infectious-invasive inflammatory process and the toxic products of the life of Pasteurella multocida and Ascaridia galli. The results of the conducted research showed that the pathological process caused by symbionts of different taxonomic groups for pasteurally-ascaridic mixtures of the disease led to a reduction in the hemoglobin in the blood (P < 0.01, P < 0.001), the number of erythrocytes (P < 0.001), color index (P < 0.05, P < 0.001) and basophils (P < 0.05, P < 0.001). That is evidenced by their probable reduction, which leads to bleeding, is clinically manifested by the presence of blood layers in the litter and its coloration in brown color, inhibition of the function of the cerebral brain toxic products of life of Pasteurella multocida and Ascaridia galli, inadequate intake and absorption of protein in the body, and the appearance of allergic reactions. The increase in morphological parameters was observed due to the infectious-invasive inflammatory process, which led to the emergence of dysproteinemia, laxative events characterized by blood clotting, an increase in the number of leukocytes, indicated a high reactivity of the diseased poultry organism, as evidenced by the probability of increasing hematological parameters: the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation (P < 0.001), hematocrit (P < 0.001), color index (turkeys, geese, parrots: P < 0.001; pigeons: P < 0.05), leukocytes (chickens, geese, ducks, pigeons and parrots: P < 0.001), turkeys : P < 0.01). The transformation of the hematological profile was observed in all types of poultry, but the most intense was in pigeons and parrots, namely reduction of hemoglobin in pigeons – by 20.87, parrots – by 41.27%; erythrocytes in pigeons – by 26.97%, parrots – by 34.67%; the color index only for parrots – by 22.85%; basophils in pigeons – by 26.41%, parrots – by 41.88%, and the increase of red blood cells in pigeons – by 52.98%, parrots – by 92.41%; hematocrit in pigeons – by 7.32%, parrots – by 11.18%, color index only in pigeons – by 14.35%, white blood cells in pigeons – by 7.65%, parrots – by 13.03% compared to controls.
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