Adaptation of the physiological status of the quails for action of stress inclu-sion in the ration of feed addition «Primix Bionorm-K» and «Biovir»
The article deals with the problematics due to the sensitivity of the quail organism to the action of various stress factors and the search for new alternative approaches to increase the preservation of the population of this species of poultry. The aim of the work was to find out the physiological state of the quail organism in the individual stages of the adaptive syndrome when it is included in the diet of the biologically active feed supplement «Primix Bionorm-K» and supplements «Bovir». The studies were conducted on clinically healthy young quail of the «Pharaoh» breed. Technological stress factors on the 10th day of life of a poultry arose as a result of their regrouping and the action of the factor of the temperature regime; for 40 days, the life of the stressors was: distribution by gender, regrouping, change in temperature regime and the effect of additional antigenic loading on the immune system of the body due to changes in feed for females. From 5 to 30 days of life quails from the experimental groups were additionally fed with «Primix Bionorm-K» and were poured with water a supplement of «Bovir». According to the results of the conducted research, It was established that the adaptation of the functional state of the quail body of the control group in the early stages of postnatal ontogenesis for the complex effect of technological stress factors is characterized by a reduction in the number of red cells and hemoglobin by 26.8%, an increase in the number of leukocytes by 8.7% at the expense of eosinophils and pseudoiesinophils in the background of a low number of lymphocytes. For a repeated action of a stressful stimulus, the hematopoietic function of blood in the quail of the 41st and 75th day of age has a similar dynamics, with a marked increase in the number of lymphocytes and monocytes and a doubling of the number of eosinophils and pseudoiesinophils. The presented actual material shows the positive effect of feeding BAKD «Primix Bionorm-K» on the processes of hemopoiesis in the quail organism at the stage of anxiety, as evidenced by an increase in the number of erythrocytes by 34.7% (P < 0.05), hemoglobin concentration – by 23.4% (P < 0.05), the number of leukocytes by 44.4–52.4% (P < 0,05), at the expense of increasing the number of eosinophils and pseudoiesinophils in 1.3 times (P < 0.05), monocytes – in 1,4 times (P < 0.05) with a decrease in the number of lymphocytes by 15.8% (P < 0.05); at the stage of resistance, as evidenced by the prevalence of the number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin by 30.3 and 13.0% (p <0.05) with a decrease in the number of eosinophils by 1.6 times (P <0.05), lymphocytes, an increase in the number of pseudoiesinophils 1.4 times (P < 0.05), monocytes and also an increase in body weight at the end of the experiment by 12.5% (P < 0.05), compared to control. On the background of dispensing of the feed supplement «Bovir» in the quail in the anxiety stage, an increase in the number of erythrocytes was detected by 25.9% (P < 0.05), the concentration of hemoglobin – by 11.6% (P < 0.05), the number of leukocytes at 36.2–58.0% (P < 0.05) due to monocytes in 1.5 times (P < 0.05) on background decrease of eosinophils by 1.4 times (P < 0.05); at the stage of resistance, an increase in the number of leukocytes was detected by 40.1% (P <0.05) due to pseudoiesinophils by 1.4 times (P < 0.05), with a decrease in the number of lymphocytes by 13.7% (P < 0.05 ), as well as an increase in body weight at the end of the experiment by 7.5% compared to control. The indicators of development of adaptive reactions and productivity are justified by the use in the poultry diet of the biologically active feed supplement «Primix Bionorm-K».
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