Idiopathic colitis in dogs of service breeds: etiology, diagnosis and treatment


Keywords: service dogs, intestines, inflammation of the intestine, idiopathic colitis, endoscopy

Abstract

The article deals with the scientific literature and numerous searches of recent years concerning idiopathic colitis in dogs. The disease is characterized by diffuse, inflammatory infiltration of plasma cells, lymphocytes, eosinophils or neutrophils actually the plates of mucous membrane and submucosal basis, fibrosis and ulcers of the wall of the large intestine. Depending on the predominant type of infiltrative cells, colitis is classified into: lymphocytic-plasmacytic, eosinophilic, histocytic ulcerative and regional granulomatous. The data indicate that the inflammation of the large intestine is very common among dog breeds German Shepherd and Cocker Spaniel, which are often studied for service use. The etiology of the disease is not fully elucidated. Clinical signs are characterized by intestinal dysfunction, manifested by flatulence, diarrhea, distortion or loss of appetite, which are often combined with concomitant symptoms of other diseases, which complicates early diagnosis and treatment in the early stages of the development of idiopathic colitis. In most cases, the diagnosis of the disease is limited to general research methods, which allows only assume that the animal has an intestinal lesion. The most informative methods of instrumental diagnostics are X-ray, ultrasonography and endoscopy – are primarily of paramount importance. One of the ways of solving the problem of early diagnosis is to conduct an endoscopic search with a subsequent histological analysis of biopsies that simultaneously confirm the diagnosis and differentiate the subtype of intestinal inflammation. Also important indices for the clinical evaluation of this disease is an indicator of the activity of non-specific intestinal inflammation, which reflects the presence of a defeat of a certain degree. Timely diagnosis of idiopathic colitis in dogs, knowledge of the features of pathogenesis and various forms of the disease makes it possible to detect at the early stage the development of the pathological process and apply therapeutic measures. In reviewing and analyzing literary sources, we want to note that this disease of dogs is described in more detail in the writings of foreign doctors, therefore the study of the issues of the dissemination, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of idiopathic colitis of dogs today is relevant in our conditions.

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Published
2018-03-02
How to Cite
Dubovets, I., & Slivinska, L. (2018). Idiopathic colitis in dogs of service breeds: etiology, diagnosis and treatment. Scientific Messenger of LNU of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 20(83), 136-140. https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet8326